Association between long-term exercise loading and lumbar spine trabecular bone score (TBS) in different exercise loading groups
Heiniö, L., Nikander, R., & Sievänen, H. (2015). Association between long-term exercise loading and lumbar spine trabecular bone score (TBS) in different exercise loading groups. Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions, 15(3), 279-285. http://www.ismni.org/jmni/pdf/61/06HEINIO.pdf
Published inJournal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions
© the Authors, 2015. This is an open access article published by The International Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions.
Objective: To examine whether different exercise loading is associated with lumbar vertebral texture as assessed with Trabecular Bone Score (TBS). Methods: Data from 88 Finnish female athletes and 19 habitually active women (reference group) were analyzed. Participants’mean age was 24.3 years(range 17-40 years).Athletes were divided into five specific exercise loading groups according to sport-specific training history: high-impact (triple jumpers and high jumpers), odd-impact (soccer players and squash players), high-magnitude (power lifters), repetitive impact (endurance runners), and repetitive non-impact (swimmers). TBS-values were determined from lumbar vertebral L1-L4 DXA images. Body weight and height, fat-%, lean mass, isometric maximal leg press force, dynamic peak jumping force and lumbar BMD were also measured. Results: Endurance runners’mean TBS value differed significantly from all other groups being about 6% lower than in the reference group. After controlling for body height, isometric leg press force and fat-%, the variables found consistently explaining TBS, the observed between-group difference remained significant (B=-0.072, p=0.020). After controlling for BMD, the difference persisted (B=-0.065, p=0.016). There were no other significant adjusted between-group differences. Conclusion: Exercise loading history comprising several repeated moderate impactsis associated with somewhat lower TBS, which may indicate specific lumbar microarchitecture in endurance runners. ...
PublisherThe International Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Nikander, Riku (University of Jyväskylä, 2009)The objective of this dissertation was to determine the types of exercise loading that are associated with the strength of bones. Four cross-sectional studies were conducted between 2004 and 2008 including 378 athletes and ...
Five-year follow-up results of aerobic and impact training on bone mineral density in early breast cancer patients Vehmanen, L.; Sievänen, H.; Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, P.; Nikander, R.; Huovinen, R.; Ruohola, J.; Penttinen, H. M.; Utriainen, M.; Tokola, K.; Blomqvist, C.; Saarto, T. (Springer, 2021)Summary A 12-month exercise program reversibly prevented hip bone loss in premenopausal women with early breast cancer. The bone-protective effect was maintained for 2 years after the end of the program but was lost ...
Greater maintenance of bone mineral content in male than female athletes and in sprinting and jumping than endurance athletes : a longitudinal study of bone strength in elite masters athletes Ireland, Alex; Mittag, Uwe; Degens, Hans; Felsenberg, Dieter; Ferretti, José L.; Heinonen, Ari; Koltai, Erika; Korhonen, Marko T.; McPhee, Jamie S.; Mekjavic, Igor; Piasecki, Jessica; Pisot, Rado; Radak, Zsolt; Simunic, Bostjan; Suominen, Harri; Wilks, Désirée C.; Winwood, Keith; Rittweger, Jörn (Springer, 2020)We investigated longitudinal changes in tibia bone strength in master power (jumping and sprinting) and endurance (distance) athletes of both sexes. Bone mass but not cross-sectional moment of inertia was better maintained ...
Määttä, Mikko; Moilanen, Petro; Timonen, Jussi; Pulkkinen, Pasi; Korpelainen, Raija; Jämsä, Timo (BioMed Central Ltd., 2014)Background: New methods for diagnosing osteoporosis and evaluating fracture risk are being developed. We aim to study the association between low-frequency (LF) axial transmission ultrasound and hip fracture risk in ...
Association between developmental coordination disorder or low motor competence, and risk of impaired bone health across the lifespan : protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis Tan, Jocelyn; Hart, Nicolas H.; Rantalainen, Timo; Chivers, Paola (JBI, 2021)Objective: This systematic review will assess the association between developmental coordination disorder and low motor competence, and impairments in bone health across the lifespan. Introduction: Individuals with ...