Greater maintenance of bone mineral content in male than female athletes and in sprinting and jumping than endurance athletes : a longitudinal study of bone strength in elite masters athletes
Ireland, A., Mittag, U., Degens, H., Felsenberg, D., Ferretti, J. L., Heinonen, A., Koltai, E., Korhonen, M. T., McPhee, J. S., Mekjavic, I., Piasecki, J., Pisot, R., Radak, Z., Simunic, B., Suominen, H., Wilks, D. C., Winwood, K., & Rittweger, J. (2020). Greater maintenance of bone mineral content in male than female athletes and in sprinting and jumping than endurance athletes : a longitudinal study of bone strength in elite masters athletes. Archives of Osteoporosis, 15, Article 87. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11657-020-00757-w
Published inArchives of Osteoporosis
© The Authors, 2020
We investigated longitudinal changes in tibia bone strength in master power (jumping and sprinting) and endurance (distance) athletes of both sexes. Bone mass but not cross-sectional moment of inertia was better maintained in power than endurance athletes over time, particularly in men and independent of changes in performance. Objective. Assessment of effects of sex and athletic discipline (lower limb power events, e.g. sprint running and jumping versus endurance running events) on longitudinal changes in bone strength in masters athletes. Methods. We examined tibia and fibula bone properties at distal (4% distal-proximal tibia length) and proximal (66% length) sites using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) in seventy-one track and field masters athletes (30 male, 41 female, age at baseline 57.0 ± 12.2 years) in a longitudinal cohort study that included at least two testing sessions over a mean period of 4.2 ± 3.1 years. Effects of time, as well as time × sex and time × discipline interactions on bone parameters and calf muscle crosssectional area (CSA), were examined. Results. Effects of time were sex and discipline-dependent, even following adjustment for enrolment age, sex and changes in muscle CSA and athletic performance. Male sex and participation in power events was associated with better maintenance of tibia bone mineral content (BMC, an indicator of bone compressive strength) at 4% and 66% sites. In contrast, there was no strong evidence of sex or discipline effects on cross-sectional moment of inertia (CSMI, an indicator of bone bending and torsional strength—P > 0.3 for interactions). Similar sex and discipline-specific changes were also observed in the fibula. Conclusions. Results suggest that male athletes and those participating in lower limb power-based rather than endurance-based disciplines have better maintenance of bone compressive but not bending and torsional strength. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Additional information about fundingThis study was funded internally by Manchester Metropolitan University.
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Regular strength and sprint training counteracts bone aging : a 10‐year follow‐up in male masters athletes Suominen, Tuuli H.; Alén, Markku; Törmäkangas, Timo; Degens, Hans; Rittweger, Jörn; Heinonen, Ari; Suominen, Harri; Korhonen, Marko T. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2021)Cross‐sectional and interventional studies suggest that high‐intensity strength and impact‐type training provide a powerful osteogenic stimulus even in old age. However, longitudinal evidence on the ability of high‐intensity ...
Age-Related Declines in Lower Limb Muscle Function are Similar in Power and Endurance Athletes of Both Sexes : A Longitudinal Study of Master Athletes Ireland, Alex; Mittag, Uwe; Degens, Hans; Felsenberg, Dieter; Heinonen, Ari; Koltai, Erika; Korhonen, Marko T.; McPhee, Jamie S.; Mekjavic, Igor; Pisot, Rado; Rawer, Rainer; Radak, Zsolt; Simunic, Bostjan; Suominen, Harri; Rittweger, Jörn (Springer, 2022)The age-related decline in muscle function, particularly muscle power, is associated with increased risk of important clinical outcomes. Physical activity is an important determinant of muscle function, and different types ...
Nikander, Riku (University of Jyväskylä, 2009)The objective of this dissertation was to determine the types of exercise loading that are associated with the strength of bones. Four cross-sectional studies were conducted between 2004 and 2008 including 378 athletes and ...
Effects of a 20-week high-intensity strength and sprint training program on tibial bone structure and strength in middle-aged and older male sprint athletes : a randomized controlled trial Suominen, Tuuli; Korhonen, Marko; Alén, M.; Heinonen, Ari; Mero, Antti; Törmäkangas, Timo; Suominen, Harri (Springer UK, 2017)Summary This randomized, controlled, high-intensity strength and sprint training trial in middle-aged and older male sprint athletes showed significant improvements in mid-tibial structure and strength. The study reveals ...
Five-year follow-up results of aerobic and impact training on bone mineral density in early breast cancer patients Vehmanen, L.; Sievänen, H.; Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, P.; Nikander, R.; Huovinen, R.; Ruohola, J.; Penttinen, H. M.; Utriainen, M.; Tokola, K.; Blomqvist, C.; Saarto, T. (Springer, 2021)Summary A 12-month exercise program reversibly prevented hip bone loss in premenopausal women with early breast cancer. The bone-protective effect was maintained for 2 years after the end of the program but was lost ...