Language ideological landscapes for students in university language policies : inclusion, exclusion, or hierarchy
Shirahata, M., & Lahti, M. (2023). Language ideological landscapes for students in university language policies : inclusion, exclusion, or hierarchy. Current Issues in Language Planning, 24(3), 272-292. https://doi.org/10.1080/14664208.2022.2088165
Published inCurrent Issues in Language Planning
© 2022 the Authors
Many universities in non-English speaking countries have been adopting English as a medium of instruction to internationalize their education. We set out to compare the language policies of a Finnish and a Japanese university using the lens of language ideology – a set of normative beliefs about the social dimension of language. Data were collected from selected documents of the two universities, and analyzed utilizing critical discursive psychology. This social constructionist approach allows mapping out language ideological landscapes – interrelationships among different co-occurring language ideologies – from which students may draw ideas about how they orient themselves towards their peers on international campuses today. Our analysis shows that different language ideological landscapes are constructed in the language policies of the two universities, affording them different positioning in the phenomenon of internationalization. The findings suggest that both multilingualism and languaging would be important discursive resources for universities to maintain ethnolinguistic nationalism and ensure equality among students with different linguistic backgrounds, in the process of internationalization of higher education through English. On international campuses where multilingualism is prevalent, students are likely to be constructed as cosmopolitans for inclusion, locals and foreigners for exclusion, or ‘native/native-like and non-native speakers’ for hierarchy through different monolingual language ideologies. ...
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Additional information about fundingThis work was supported by the Department of Language and Communication Studies and the Research Collegium for Language in Changing Society at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland, as part of the doctoral research of Mai Shirahata.
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