What information should I look for again? : Attentional difficulties distracts reading of task assignments
Hautala, J., Loberg, O., Azaiez, N., Taskinen, S., Tiffin-Richards, S. P., & Leppänen, P. H. (2019). What information should I look for again? : Attentional difficulties distracts reading of task assignments. Learning and Individual Differences, 75, Article 101775. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2019.101775
Published inLearning and Individual Differences
© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.
This large-scale eye-movement study (N = 164) investigated how students read short task assignments to complete information search problems and how their cognitive resources are associated with this reading behavior. These cognitive resources include information searching subskills, prior knowledge, verbal memory, reading fluency, and attentional difficulties. In this study, the task assignments consisted of four sentences. The first and last sentences provided context, while the second or third sentence was the relevant or irrelevant sentence under investigation. The results of a linear mixed-model and latent change score analyses showed the ubiquitous influence of reading fluency on first-pass eye movement measures, and the effects of sentence relevancy on making more and longer reinspections and look-backs to the relevant than irrelevant sentence. In addition, the look-backs to the relevant sentence were associated with better information search subskills. Students with attentional difficulties made substantially fewer look-backs specifically to the relevant sentence. These results provide evidence that selective look-backs are used as an important index of comprehension monitoring independent of reading fluency. In this framework, slow reading fluency was found to be associated with laborious decoding but with intact comprehension monitoring, whereas attention difficulty was associated with intact decoding but with deficiency in comprehension monitoring. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Academy Programme, AoF
Additional information about fundingThis research was funded by Academy of Finland with grant 274022 to Paavo Leppänen and grants 317030 and 319911 to Jarkko Hautala.
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Reading comprehension difficulty is often distinct from difficulty in reading fluency and accompanied with problems in motivation and school well-being Torppa, Minna; Vasalampi, Kati; Eklund, Kenneth; Sulkunen, Sari; Niemi, Pekka (Routledge, 2020)This paper examined if difficulty in reading comprehension (PISA) is distinct from difficulty in reading fluency and if the distinct types of reading difficulties are differently associated with learning motivation, school ...
Assessing reading and online research comprehension : Do difficulties in attention and executive function matter? Kanniainen, Laura; Kiili, Carita; Tolvanen, Asko; Aro, Mikko; Anmarkrud, Øistein; Leppänen, Paavo H.T. (Elsevier BV, 2021)This study evaluated the relation between sixth graders' (N = 426) teacher-rated difficulties in attention and executive function (EF) and their comprehension skills. Reading comprehension was assessed with a multiple-choice ...
Kanniainen, Laura; Kiili, Carita; Tolvanen, Asko; Aro, Mikko; Leppänen, Paavo H.T. (Springer, 2019)The present study evaluated the extent to which literacy skills (reading fluency, written spelling, and reading comprehension), together with nonverbal reasoning, prior knowledge, and gender, are related to students’ online ...
Attentional Processes in Children With Attentional Problems or Reading Difficulties as Revealed Using Brain Event-Related Potentials and Their Source Localization Santhana Gopalan, Praghajieeth Raajhen; Loberg, Otto; Lohvansuu, Kaisa; McCandliss, Bruce; Hämäläinen, Jarmo; Leppänen, Paavo (Frontiers Media, 2020)Visual attention-related processes include three functional sub-processes: alerting, orienting, and inhibition. We examined these sub-processes using reaction times, event-related potentials (ERPs), and their neuronal ...
Siuko, Juho (2019)Tässä tutkimuksessa selvitettiin kuudesluokkalaisten taitoa tunnistaa lyhyistä tehtävänannoista virke, joka oli olennainen tiedonhaun tehtävän suorittamiseksi. Tavoitteena oli tutkia, mitkä kognitiiviset tekijät selittävät ...