Reading comprehension difficulty is often distinct from difficulty in reading fluency and accompanied with problems in motivation and school well-being
Torppa, M., Vasalampi, K., Eklund, K., Sulkunen, S., & Niemi, P. (2020). Reading comprehension difficulty is often distinct from difficulty in reading fluency and accompanied with problems in motivation and school well-being. Educational Psychology, 40(1), 62-81. https://doi.org/10.1080/01443410.2019.1670334
Published inEducational Psychology
© 2019 Taylor & Francis
This paper examined if difficulty in reading comprehension (PISA) is distinct from difficulty in reading fluency and if the distinct types of reading difficulties are differently associated with learning motivation, school burnout, and school enjoyment. The participants were 1324 Finnish ninth graders. Findings suggested that difficulties in reading comprehension are often distinct from difficulties in reading fluency. Three reading difficulty groups were identified: (1) poor readers with both fluency and reading comprehension difficulties (n = 46, 3.5%), (2) slow readers with only fluency difficulties (n = 70, 5.3%), and (3) poor comprehenders with only reading comprehension difficulties (n = 88, 6.5%). The slow readers had low scores only in reading-related motivation. Poor comprehenders and poor readers reported low motivation also in math and science, as well as higher level of burnout and lower school enjoyment than typical readers. The findings were similar for boys and girls.
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Research post as Academy Research Fellow, AoF; Research costs of Academy Research Fellow, AoF
Additional information about fundingThis research has been supported by personal research grants of first author from Academy of Finland [#276239, #284439, and #313768]. There are no conflicts of interest regarding this work. Funding sources have had no role in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the paper for publication.
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Kanniainen, Laura; Kiili, Carita; Tolvanen, Asko; Aro, Mikko; Leppänen, Paavo H.T. (Springer, 2019)The present study evaluated the extent to which literacy skills (reading fluency, written spelling, and reading comprehension), together with nonverbal reasoning, prior knowledge, and gender, are related to students’ online ...
Longitudinal Stability of Reading Difficulties : Examining the Effects of Measurement Error, Cut-Offs, and Buffer Zones in Identification Psyridou, Maria; Tolvanen, Asko; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Torppa, Minna (Frontiers Media, 2020)This study examined the stability of reading difficulties (RD) from grades 2 to 6 and focused on the effects of measurement error and cut-off selection in the identification of RD and its stability with the use of simulations. ...
Virinkoski, Riitta; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Eklund, Kenneth; Aro, Mikko (Routledge, 2022)his study investigated special educational needs (SEN) teachers’ (n = 29) assessment practices and the accuracy of their ratings of the students’ (M age = 12.75 years, n = 55) skill levels in reading fluency and reading ...
Online Research and Comprehension Performance Profiles Among Sixth‐Grade Students, Including Those with Reading Difficulties and/or Attention and Executive Function Difficulties Kanniainen, Laura; Kiili, Carita; Tolvanen, Asko; Utriainen, Jukka; Aro, Mikko; Leu, Donald J.; Leppänen, Paavo H. T. (Wiley, 2022)This study identified online research and comprehension (ORC) performance profiles of 436 sixth-grade students (206 girls) aged 12–13 years. We included learner groups with different learning-related difficulties and ...
van Bergen, Elsje; Vasalampi, Kati; Torppa, Minna (John Wiley & Sons, 2021)Does reading a lot lead to better reading skills, or does reading a lot follow from high initial reading skills? The authors present a longitudinal study of how much children choose to read and how well they decode and ...