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dc.contributor.authorEklund, Daniela
dc.contributor.authorHäkkinen, Arja
dc.contributor.authorLaukkanen, Jari Antero
dc.contributor.authorBalandzic, Milica
dc.contributor.authorNyman, Kai
dc.contributor.authorHäkkinen, Keijo
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-07T09:35:47Z
dc.date.available2016-07-07T09:35:47Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationEklund, D., Häkkinen, A., Laukkanen, J. A., Balandzic, M., Nyman, K., & Häkkinen, K. (2016). Fitness, body composition and blood lipids following three concurrent strength and endurance training modes. <i>Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism</i>, <i>41</i>(7), 767-774. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2015-0621" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2015-0621</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_25666837
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_69826
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/50748
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated changes in physical fitness, body composition, and blood lipid profile following 24 weeks of 3 volume-equated concurrent strength and endurance training protocols. Physically active, healthy male and female participants (aged 18–40 years) performed strength and endurance sessions on different days (DD; men, n = 21; women, n = 18) or in the same session with endurance preceding strength (ES; men, n = 16; women, n = 15) or vice versa (SE; men, n = 18; women, n = 14). The training volume was matched in all groups. Maximal leg press strength (1-repetition maximum (1RM)) and endurance performance (maximal oxygen consumption during cycling), body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), and blood lipids were measured. 1RM and maximal oxygen consumption increased in all groups in men (12%–17%, p < 0.001; and 7%–18%, p < 0.05–0.001, respectively) and women (13%–21%, p < 0.01–0.001; and 10%–25%, p < 0.01–0.001, respectively). Maximal oxygen consumption increased more in DD vs. ES and SE both in men (p = 0.003–0.008) and women (p = 0.008–0.009). Total body lean mass increased in all groups (3%–5%, p < 0.01–0.001). Only DD led to decreased total body fat (men, −14% ± 15%, p < 0.001; women, −13% ± 14%, p = 0.009) and abdominal-region fat (men, −18% ± 14%, p = 0.003; women, −17% ± 15%, p = 0.003). Changes in blood lipids were correlated with changes in abdominal-region fat in the entire group (r = 0.283, p = 0.005) and in DD (r = 0.550, p = 0.001). In conclusion, all modes resulted in increased physical fitness and lean mass, while only DD led to decreases in fat mass. Same-session SE and ES combined training is effective in improving physical fitness while volume-equated, but more frequent DD training may be more suitable for optimizing body composition and may be possibly useful in early prevention of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherN R C Research Press; Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology
dc.relation.ispartofseriesApplied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism
dc.subject.othercombined training
dc.subject.otherphysical performance
dc.subject.otherresistance training
dc.subject.othermetabolic health
dc.titleFitness, body composition and blood lipids following three concurrent strength and endurance training modes
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201607073521
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntabiologian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosTerveystieteiden laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Biology of Physical Activityen
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.oppiaineValmennus- ja testausoppifi
dc.contributor.oppiaineFysioterapiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineScience of Sport Coaching and Fitness Testingen
dc.contributor.oppiainePhysiotherapyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2016-07-07T09:15:03Z
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange767-774
dc.relation.issn1715-5312
dc.relation.numberinseries7
dc.relation.volume41
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© the Authors, 2016. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by NRC Research Press. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoterveys
dc.subject.ysoaerobinen harjoittelu
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2762
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p24767
dc.relation.doi10.1139/apnm-2015-0621


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