Effects of morning versus evening combined strength and endurance training on physical performance, muscle hypertrophy and serum hormone concentrations
Küüsmaa, M., Schumann, M., Sedliak, M., Kraemer, W. J., Newton, R., Malinen, J.-P., Häkkinen, A., Häkkinen, K., & Nyman, K. (2016). Effects of morning versus evening combined strength and endurance training on physical performance, muscle hypertrophy and serum hormone concentrations. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 41(12), 1285-1294. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2016-0271
Published inApplied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism
DisciplineValmennus- ja testausoppiFysioterapiaScience of Sport Coaching and Fitness TestingPhysiotherapy
© the Authors, 2016. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by NRC Research Press. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
This study investigated the effects of 24 weeks of morning versus evening same-session combined strength (S) and endurance (E) training on physical performance, muscle hypertrophy, and resting serum testosterone and cortisol diurnal concentrations. Forty-two young men were matched and assigned to a morning (m) or evening (e) E + S or S + E group (mE + S, n = 9; mS + E, n = 9; eE + S, n = 12; and eS + E, n = 12). Participants were tested for dynamic leg press 1-repetition maximum (1RM) and time to exhaustion (Texh) during an incremental cycle ergometer test both in the morning and evening, cross-sectional area (CSA) of vastus lateralis and diurnal serum testosterone and cortisol concentrations (0730 h; 0930 h; 1630 h; 1830 h). All groups similarly increased 1RM in the morning (14%–19%; p < 0.001) and evening (18%–24%; p < 0.001). CSA increased in all groups by week 24 (12%–20%, p < 0.01); however, during the training weeks 13–24 the evening groups gained more muscle mass (time-of-day main effect; p < 0.05). Texh increased in all groups in the morning (16%–28%; p < 0.01) and evening (18%–27%; p < 0.001), however, a main effect for the exercise order, in favor of E + S, was observed on both testing times (p < 0.051). Diurnal rhythms in testosterone and cortisol remained statistically unaltered by the training order or time. The present results indicate that combined strength and endurance training in the evening may lead to larger gains in muscle mass, while the E + S training order might be more beneficial for endurance performance development. However, training order and time seem to influence the magnitude of adaptations only when the training period exceeded 12 weeks. ...
PublisherNRC Research Press; Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Effects of endurance training only versus same-session combined endurance and strength training on physical performance and serum hormone concentrations in recreational endurance runners Schumann, Moritz; Mykkänen, Olli-Pekka; Doma, Kenji; Mazzolari, Raffaele; Nyman, Kai; Häkkinen, Keijo (N R C Research Press; Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology, 2015)This study investigated the effects of endurance training only (E, n = 14) and same-session combined training, when strength training is repeatedly preceded by endurance loading (endurance and strength training (E+S), n = ...
The order effect of combined endurance and strength loadings on force and hormone responses: effects of prolonged training Schumann, Moritz; Walker, Simon; Izquierdo, Mikel; Newton, Robert U.; Kraemer, William J.; Häkkinen, Keijo (Springer, 2014)ABSTRACT. Purpose : To examine a cute responses and recovery of force and serum hormones to combined endurance and strength loadings utilizing different orders of exercises before and after training . M e ...
Effects of eccentric and concentric isokinetic bench press training on dynamic strength, isometric force production and triceps brachii cross-sectional area Wanttaja, Ryan (2020)Background. Engaging in resistance training programmes is an integral part of the physical preparation process for athletes. The neural and morphological mechanisms underpinning eccentric contractions are notably different ...
Effects of an 8-day field training on body composition, serum hormone concentrations and maximal force production in military conscripts Savolainen, Sini (2015)Savolainen, S. 2015. Effects of an 8-day field training on body composition, serum hormone concentrations and maximal force production in military conscripts, 64p. University of Jyväskylä. Department of Biology of Physical ...
Effects of Upper Body Eccentric versus Concentric Strength Training and Detraining on Maximal Force, Muscle Activation, Hypertrophy and Serum Hormones in Women Häkkinen, Keijo; Newton, Robert U.; Walker, Simon; Häkkinen, Arja; Krapi, Sonja; Rekola, Rebekka; Koponen, Päivi; Kraemer, William J.; Haff, G. Gregory; Blazevich, Anthony J.; Nosaka, Kazunori; Ahtiainen, Juha (Uludag University, 2022)Effects of eccentric (ECC) versus concentric (CON) strength training of the upper body performed twice a week for 10 weeks followed by detraining for five weeks on maximal force, muscle activation, muscle mass and serum ...