Volitional muscle activation intensifies neuronal processing of proprioceptive afference in the primary sensorimotor cortex : an EEG study
Giangrande, A., Cerone, G. L., Botter, A., & Piitulainen, H. (2023). Volitional muscle activation intensifies neuronal processing of proprioceptive afference in the primary sensorimotor cortex : an EEG study. Journal of Neurophysiology, Ahead of Print. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00340.2023
Published inJournal of Neurophysiology
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Proprioception refers to the ability to perceive the position and movement of body segments in space. The cortical aspects of the proprioceptive afference from the body can be investigated using corticokinematic coherence (CKC). CKC accurately quantifies the degree of coupling between cortical activity and limb kinematics, especially if precise proprioceptive stimulation of evoked movements are used. However, there is no evidence on how volitional muscle activation during the proprioceptive stimulation affects CKC strength. Twenty-five healthy volunteers (28.8 ± 7 yr, 11 females) participated the experiment that included electroencephalographic (EEG), electromyographic (EMG) and kinematic recordings. 2-Hz ankle-joint rotations were elicited through a movement actuator in two conditions: passive condition with relaxed ankle and active condition with constant 5-Nm plantar flexion exerted during the stimulation. In total, 6-min of data were recorded per condition. CKC strength was defined as the maximum coherence value among all the EEG channels at the 2-Hz-movement frequency for each condition separately. Both conditions resulted in significant CKC peaking at the Cz electrode over the foot area of the primary sensorimotor (SM1) cortex. Stronger CKC was found for the active (0.13 ± 0.14) than passive (0.03 ± 0.04) condition (P < 0.01). The results indicated that volitional activation of the muscles intensifies the neuronal proprioceptive processing in the SM1 cortex. This finding could be explained both by peripheral sensitization of the ankle joint proprioceptors and central modulation of the neuronal proprioceptive processing in the spinal and cortical levels. ...
PublisherAmerican Physiological Society
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Related funder(s)Research Council of Finland
Funding program(s)Research costs of Academy Research Fellow, AoF; Research profiles, AoF
Additional information about fundingThis study was supported by the Academy of Finland (grants #296240 and #327288) to H.P., Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation (602.274) to H.P., and “Brain changes across the life-span” profiling funding to University of Jyväskylä (grant #311877). A.G. is supported by a 3-years PhD fellowship from Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy.
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