Cortical Proprioceptive Processing Is Altered by Aging
Piitulainen, H., Seipäjärvi, S., Avela, J., Parviainen, T., & Walker, S. (2018). Cortical Proprioceptive Processing Is Altered by Aging. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 10(June), Article 147. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2018.00147
Published inFrontiers in Aging Neuroscience
DisciplinePsykologiaBiomekaniikkaValmennus- ja testausoppiMonitieteinen aivotutkimuskeskusPsychologyBiomechanicsScience of Sport Coaching and Fitness TestingCentre for Interdisciplinary Brain Research
© 2018 Piitulainen, Seipäjärvi, Avela, Parviainen and Walker.
Proprioceptive perception is impaired with aging, but little is known about aging-related deterioration of proprioception at the cortical level. Corticokinematic coherence (CKC) between limb kinematic and magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals reflects cortical processing of proprioceptive afference. We, thus, compared CKC strength to ankle movements between younger and older subjects, and examined whether CKC predicts postural stability. Fifteen younger (range 18–31 years) and eight older (66–73 years) sedentary volunteers were seated in MEG, while their right and left ankle joints were moved separately at 2 Hz (for 4 min each) using a novel MEG-compatible ankle-movement actuator. Coherence was computed between foot acceleration and MEG signals. CKC strength at the movement frequency (F0) and its first harmonic (F1) was quantified. In addition, postural sway was quantified during standing eyes-open and eyes-closed tasks to estimate motor performance. CKC peaked in the gradiometers over the vertex, and was significantly stronger (~76%) at F0 for the older than younger subjects. At F1, only the dominant-leg CKC was significantly stronger (~15%) for the older than younger subjects. In addition, CKC (at F1) was significantly stronger in the non-dominant than dominant leg, but only in the younger subjects. Postural sway was significantly (~64%) higher in the older than younger subjects when standing with eyes closed. Regression models indicated that CKC strength at F1 in the dominant leg and age were the only significant predictors for postural sway. Our results indicated that aging-related cortical-proprioceptive processing is altered by aging. Stronger CKC may reflect poorer cortical proprioceptive processing, and not solely the amount of proprioceptive afference as suggested earlier. In combination with ankle-movement actuator, CKC can be efficiently used to unravel proprioception-related-neuronal mechanisms and the related plastic changes in aging, rehabilitation, motor-skill acquisition, motor disorders etc. ...
PublisherFrontiers Research Foundation
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Postdoctoral Researcher, AoF
Additional information about fundingThis work was supported by the Academy of Finland (Grant Nos. #13307250 and #13304294 to HP and Grant No. #287680 to SW).
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