Total and regional body adiposity increases during menopause : evidence from a follow‐up study
Juppi, H., Sipilä, S., Fachada, V., Hyvärinen, M., Cronin, N., Aukee, P., Karppinen, J. E., Selänne, H., Kujala, U. M., Kovanen, V., Karvinen, S., & Laakkonen, E. K. (2022). Total and regional body adiposity increases during menopause : evidence from a follow‐up study. Aging Cell, Early View. https://doi.org/10.1111/acel.13621
Published inAging Cell
DisciplineGerontologia ja kansanterveysLiikuntalääketiedeBiomekaniikkaLiikuntafysiologiaGerontology and Public HealthSports and Exercise MedicineBiomechanicsExercise Physiology
© 2022 The Authors. Aging Cell published by the Anatomical Society and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
For women, menopausal transition is a time of significant hormonal changes, which may contribute to altered body composition and regional adipose tissue accumulation. Excess adiposity, and especially adipose tissue accumulation in the central body region, increases women's risk of cardiovascular and metabolic conditions and affects physical functioning. We investigated the associations between menopausal progression and total and regional body adiposity measured with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and computed tomography in two longitudinal cohort studies of women aged 47–55 (n = 230 and 148, mean follow-up times 1.3 ± 0.7 and 3.9 ± 0.2 years, mean baseline BMI 25.5 kg/m2). We also examined associations between menopausal progression and skeletal muscle fiber characteristics, as well as adipose tissue-derived adipokines. Relative increases of 2%–14% were observed in regional and total body adiposity measures, with a pronounced fat mass increase in the android area (4% and 14% during short- and long-term follow-ups). Muscle fiber oxidative and glycolytic capacities and intracellular adiposity were not affected by menopause, but were differentially correlated with total and regional body adiposity at different menopausal stages. Menopausal progression and regional adipose tissue masses were positively associated with serum adiponectin and leptin, and negatively associated with resistin levels. Higher diet quality and physical activity level were also inversely associated with several body adiposity measures. Therefore, healthy lifestyle habits before and during menopause might delay the onset of severe metabolic conditions in women. ...
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Research costs of Academy Research Fellow, AoF; Academy Project, AoF; Research post as Academy Research Fellow, AoF
Additional information about fundingAcademy of Finland, Grant/Award Number: 275323, 309504, 314181 and 335249
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