Retirement as a predictor of physical functioning trajectories among older businessmen
Haapanen, M. J., Strandberg, T. E., Törmäkangas, T., von Bonsdorff, M. E., Strandberg, A. Y., & von Bonsdorff, M. B. (2022). Retirement as a predictor of physical functioning trajectories among older businessmen. BMC Geriatrics, 22, Article 279. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-022-03001-x
Published inBMC Geriatrics
DisciplineGerontologia ja kansanterveysBasic or discovery scholarshipGerontology and Public HealthBasic or discovery scholarship
© 2022 the Authors
Background Associations between retirement characteristics and consequent physical functioning (PF) are poorly understood, particularly in higher socioeconomic groups, where postponing retirement has had both positive and negative implications for PF. Methods Multiple assessments of PF, the first of which at the mean age of 73.3 years, were performed on 1709 men who were retired business executives and managers, using the RAND-36/SF-36 instrument, between 2000 and 2010. Questionnaire data on retirement age and type of pension was gathered in 2000. Five distinct PF trajectories were created using latent growth mixture modelling. Mortality- and covariate-adjusted multinomial regression models were used to estimate multinomial Odds Ratios (mOR) on the association between retirement characteristics and PF trajectories. Results A one-year increase in retirement age was associated with decreased likelihood of being classified in the ‘consistently low’ (fully adjusted mOR = 0.82; 95%CI = 0.70, 0.97; P = 0.007), ‘intermediate and declining’ (mOR = 0.89; 95%CI = 0.83, 0.96; P = 0.002), and ‘high and declining’ (mOR = 0.92; 95%CI = 0.87, 0.98; P = 0.006) trajectories, relative to the ‘intact’ PF trajectory. Compared to old age pensioners, disability pensioners were more likely to be classified in the ‘consistently low’ (mOR = 23.77; 95% CI 2.13, 265.04; P = 0.010), ‘intermediate and declining’ (mOR = 8.24; 95%CI = 2.58, 26.35; P < 0.001), and ‘high and declining’ (mOR = 2.71; 95%CI = 1.17, 6.28; P = 0.020) PF trajectories, relative to the ‘intact’ PF trajectory. Conclusions Among executives and managers, older age at retirement was associated with better trajectories of PF in old age. Compared to old age pensioners, those transitioning into disability and early old age pensions were at risk of having consistently lower PF in old age. ...
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Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Others, AoF; Research costs of Academy Research Fellow, AoF; Research post as Academy Research Fellow, AoF; Postdoctoral Researcher, AoF
Additional information about fundingThe Academy of Finland supported Mikaela B. von Bonsdorf with grant 257239. The Academy of Finland supported Timo Törmäkangas with grant 286536. The Academy of Finland supported Monika E. von Bonsdorf with grants 294530, 307114 and 303920. Timo Strandberg is supported by the Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Medicine. The funders had no role in the design, methods, analysis, and preparation of the article. Open access funded by Helsinki University Library. ...
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