Maternal body mass index, change in weight status from childhood to late adulthood and physical activity in older age
Westberg, A. P., Wasenius, N., Salonen, M. K., von Bonsdorff, M. B., & Eriksson, J. G. (2021). Maternal body mass index, change in weight status from childhood to late adulthood and physical activity in older age. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 31(3), 752-762. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13891
© Wiley, 2020
This study aimed to examine the longitudinal associations of maternal body mass index (BMI), weight status in childhood and late adulthood and device‐measured total physical activity (TPA) in older age. The study involves 552 participants from Helsinki Birth Cohort Study who were born in Helsinki, Finland in 1934–1944. TPA was measured with a multisensory body monitor at a mean age of 70 years and expressed in metabolic equivalent of task‐hours/day (METh/d). Childhood overweight (BMI >85th percentile) was based on school health records at 6‐7 years of age and late adulthood overweight (BMI ≥25 kg/m2) was based on clinical measurements at the mean age of 61 years. Childhood overweight was associated with lower TPA, particularly in older women (mean difference ‐3.2 METh/d, 95% confidence interval (CI) ‐4.6– ‐1.9), and late adulthood overweight was associated with lower TPA both in older women (mean difference ‐6.2, 95% CI (‐7.2– ‐5.1) and in older men (mean difference ‐2.6 METh/d, 95% CI ‐3.7 – ‐1.5). TPA in older age was highest in participants who were normal weight both in childhood and adulthood and lowest in participants who were overweight in childhood and adulthood. In participants with childhood overweight, TPA was lower in participants who were overweight in childhood and adulthood, compared to those who were overweight only in childhood. There was a U‐shaped distribution of TPA according to maternal BMI in older women (p=0.002), but not in older men. In conclusion, reaching normal weight after childhood predicted higher physical activity levels in older age. ...
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Additional information about fundingHBCS was supported by Emil Aaltonen Foundation, Finnish Foundation for Cardiovascular Research, Finnish Foundation for Diabetes Research, Finnish Foundation for Pediatric Research, Juho Vainio Foundation, Novo Nordisk Foundation, Signe and Ane Gyllenberg Foundation, Samfundet Folkhälsan, Finska Läkaresällskapet, Liv och Hälsa, European Commission FP7 (DORIAN) grant agreement no 278603, EU H2020-PHC-2014-DynaHealth grant no. 633595 and EU Horizon 2020 grant no. 733206 LifeCycle. The Academy of Finland supported MBvB (grant no. 257239), JGE (grant no. 129369, 129907, 135072, 129255 and 126775). ...
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