Prenylated Flavonoids from the Roots of Tephrosia rhodesica
Atilaw, Yoseph; Muiva-Mutisya, Lois; Bogaerts, Jonathan; Duffy, Sandra; Valkonen, Arto; Heydenreich, Matthias; Avery, Vicky M.; Rissanen, Kari; Erdélyi, Máté; Yenesew, Abiy (2020). Prenylated Flavonoids from the Roots of Tephrosia rhodesica. Journal of Natural Products, 83 (8), 2390-2398. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.0c00245
Published inJournal of Natural Products
© 2020 American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy
Five new compounds—rhodimer (1), rhodiflavan A (2), rhodiflavan B (3), rhodiflavan C (4), and rhodacarpin (5)—along with 16 known secondary metabolites, were isolated from the CH2Cl2–CH3OH (1:1) extract of the roots of Tephrosia rhodesica. They were identified by NMR spectroscopic, mass spectrometric, X-ray crystallographic, and ECD spectroscopic analyses. The crude extract and the isolated compounds 2–5, 9, 15, and 21 showed activity (100% at 10 μg and IC50 = 5–15 μM) against the chloroquine-sensitive (3D7) strain of Plasmodium falciparum.