Associations of dietary carbohydrate and fatty acid intakes with cognition among children
Sehrish, N., Venäläinen, T., Eloranta, A.-M., Erkkilä, A. T., Jalkanen, H., Lindi, V., Lakka, T. A., & Haapala, E. A. (2020). Associations of dietary carbohydrate and fatty acid intakes with cognition among children. Public Health Nutrition, 23(9), 1657-1663. https://doi.org/10.1017/s1368980019003860
Published inPublic Health Nutrition
© The Authors 2020
Objective: To investigate the cross-sectional associations of dietary carbohydrate and fatty acid intakes with cognition in mid-childhood. Design: Dietary carbohydrate and fatty acid intakes were assessed using 4-d food records, and cognition was evaluated using the Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices (RCPM) score. The cross-sectional associations of dietary carbohydrate and fatty acid intakes with cognition were investigated using linear regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, body fat percentage, household income, parental education and daily energy intake. Setting: The baseline examinations of the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children study. Participants: A population-based sample of 487 children (250 boys, 237 girls) aged 6–8 years living in the city of Kuopio, Finland. Results: A higher dietary intake of fructose (standardised regression coefficient, β = 0·24, P < 0·001), total fibre (β = 0·16, P = 0·02) and soluble fibre (β = 0·15, P = 0·02) was associated with a higher RCPM score in boys. Other dietary carbohydrates and fatty acids, including total carbohydrates, glucose, sucrose, starch, insoluble fibre, total fat, SFAs, MUFAs, PUFAs, palmitic acid (C16), stearic acid (C18), linoleic acid (C18:2), α-linoleic acid (C18:3), arachidonic acid (C20:4), EPA (C20:5n-3) and DHA (C22:6n-6), were not associated with the RCPM score in boys. Dietary carbohydrates or fatty acids were not associated with the RCPM score in girls. Conclusions: Higher dietary fructose and fibre intakes were associated with better cognition in boys, but not in girls. Dietary fatty acids were not related to cognition in boys or in girls. ...
PublisherCambridge University Press
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Additional information about fundingThis study was financially supported by grants from the Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation, the Sinikka and Sakari Sohlberg Foundation, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health of Finland, the Ministry of Education and Culture of Finland, the Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra, the Social Insurance Institution of Finland, the Finnish Cultural Foundation, the Juho Vainio Foundation, the Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation, the Foundation for Pediatric Research, the Paavo Nurmi Foundation, the Paulo Foundation, the Diabetes Research Foundation Kuopio, the Kuopio University Hospital (EVO-funding number 5031343) and the Research Committee of the Kuopio University Hospital Catchment Area (the State Research Funding), Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation. ...
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