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dc.contributor.authorBurdfield-Steel, Emily R.
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, Jutta M.
dc.contributor.authorMappes, Johanna
dc.contributor.authorDobler, Susanne
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-10T12:49:56Z
dc.date.available2020-03-10T12:49:56Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationBurdfield-Steel, E. R., Schneider, J. M., Mappes, J., & Dobler, S. (2020). Testing the effectiveness of pyrazine defences against spiders. <i>Chemoecology</i>, <i>30</i>(4), 139-146. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00049-020-00305-5" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00049-020-00305-5</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_34936529
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/68116
dc.description.abstractInsects live in a dangerous world and may fall prey to a wide variety of predators, encompassing multiple taxa. As a result, selection may favour defences that are effective against multiple predator types, or target-specific defences that can reduce predation risk from particular groups of predators. Given the variation in sensory systems and hunting tactics, in particular between vertebrate and invertebrate predators, it is not always clear whether defences, such as chemical defences, that are effective against one group will be so against another. Despite this, the majority of research to date has focused on the role of a single predator species when considering the evolution of defended prey. Here we test the effectiveness of the chemical defences of the wood tiger moth, a species previously shown to have defensive chemicals targeted towards ants, against a common invertebrate predator: spiders. We presented both live moths and artificial prey containing their defensive fluids to female Trichonephila senegalensis and recorded their reactions. We found that neither of the moth’s two defensive fluids were able to repel the spiders, and confirmed that methoxypyrazines, a major component of the defences of both the wood tiger moth and many insect species, are ineffective against web-building spiders. Our results highlight the variability between predator taxa in their susceptibility to chemical defences, which can in part explain the vast variation in these chemicals seen in insects, and the existence of multiple defences in a single species.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSpringer
dc.relation.ispartofseriesChemoecology
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.otherchemical defence
dc.subject.otheranti-predator defence
dc.subject.otherpyrazines
dc.subject.otherinsects
dc.subject.otherspiders
dc.titleTesting the effectiveness of pyrazine defences against spiders
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202003102354
dc.contributor.laitosBio- ja ympäristötieteiden laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Biological and Environmental Scienceen
dc.contributor.oppiaineEkologia ja evoluutiobiologiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineBiologisten vuorovaikutusten huippututkimusyksikköfi
dc.contributor.oppiaineEcology and Evolutionary Biologyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineCentre of Excellence in Biological Interactions Researchen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange139-146
dc.relation.issn0937-7409
dc.relation.numberinseries4
dc.relation.volume30
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2020 the Authors
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysohämähäkit
dc.subject.ysotäpläsiilikäs
dc.subject.ysohyönteiset
dc.subject.ysopuolustusmekanismit (biologia)
dc.subject.ysoaromaattiset yhdisteet
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2595
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p27473
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p1983
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p6078
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p23502
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1007/s00049-020-00305-5
jyx.fundinginformationEBS was funded by the Centre of Excellence in Biological Interactions, via the Academy of Finland (Project No. 252411). The exchange between Universität Hamburg and the University of Jyväskylä was funded by the Landesforschungsförderung Hamburg, LFF OS 16-2014.


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