Socioecological correlates of perceived motor competence in 5- to 7-year-old Finnish children
Niemistö , D., Barnett, L., Cantell, M., Finni Juutinen, T., Korhonen, E., & Sääkslahti, A. (2019). Socioecological correlates of perceived motor competence in 5- to 7-year-old Finnish children. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 29 (5), 753-765. doi:10.1111/sms.13389
© 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
We investigated child, family and environmental factors associated with young children’s perception s of locomotor (LM) and object control (OC) skills. The participants comprised 472 children (6.2 2 ± 0.63) and their parents. The children were assessed for their perception of motor competence in LM and OC skills (using the pictorial scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence for young children), and actual motor competence (Test of Gross Motor Development 3rd edition and Körperkoordinationstest Für Kinder). Anthropometrics were calculated using the children’s body mass index standard deviation scores. A parent questionnaire included questions about child factors (sex, child’s independent walking age, time spent sedentary and outdoors, participation in organi sed sport activities and access to electronic devices), family factors (parent educational level, physical activity frequency and sedentary behavio u r) and environmental factors (access to sport facilities). Variance analysis sought to identify age -related differences , and a linear regression model examine d correlates of children’s perception of LM and OC skills . T h e children’s movement skill perception s were found to be generally high. Four factors explained 5.7% of the variance in perception s of LM skill s and 7.5% of the variance in perception s of OC skill s . Two factors, lower age and higher actual motor competence, explained most of the children’s skill perceptions. Access to electronic devices (less) and BMI (higher) were associated with perception s of LM skills. Participation in organi sed sport activities (higher) and parental education (lower) were associated with perception s of OC skills. When promoting children’s physical activity and motor competence, perception s of motor competence are an important consideration. ...
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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