What factors relate to three profiles of perception of motor competence in young children?
Niemistö, D., Barnett, L. M., Cantell, M., Finni, T., Korhonen, E., & Sääkslahti, A. (2022). What factors relate to three profiles of perception of motor competence in young children?. Journal of Sports Sciences, 40(2), 215-225. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2021.1985774
Published inJournal of Sports Sciences
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
The study aims were to 1) examine profiles of perception of motor competence (PMC) in relation to actual motor competence (AMC), i.e. under-estimators (UEs), realistic estimators (REs) and over-estimators (OEs) and 2) investigate associations between the profiles and selected socioecological factors at the individual, family and environmental levels. PMC (Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence) and AMC (Test of Gross Motor Development-Third Edition) were administered to a representative sample of children from 37 childcare centres in Finland (n=441;6.2±0.6yrs;52% boys). Socioecological factors were investigated using a parental questionnaire. The three profiles were formed based on age- and gender-adjusted PMC and AMC z-scores. Multinomial logistic regression showed that OEs (n=81; p=0.04) tended to be younger than REs (n=306; p=0.04) and UEs (n=54; p=0.03). Parents of OEs reported more child health and developmental issues than parents of REs (p=0.03). Parents of UEs self-reported providing more support for physical activity than parents’ of REs (p=0.04). REs tended to live in denser population areas than UEs (n=54; p=0.03). Whilst PMC profiles revealed some socioecological differences, future research needs to focus on a broader range of potential correlates and untangle methodological analyses challenges to deepen the knowledge about PMC development in children. ...
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Related funder(s)Ministry of Education and Culture
Additional information about fundingThis work was supported by the Opetus- ja Kulttuuriministeriö [OKM/48/626/2014 and OKM/59/626/2017].
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