School-Aged Children’s Actual Motor Competence and Perceived Physical Competence : A Three-Year Follow-Up
Gråstén, A., Huhtiniemi, M., & Jaakkola, T. (2022). School-Aged Children’s Actual Motor Competence and Perceived Physical Competence : A Three-Year Follow-Up. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 54(6), 1020-1027. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000002870
Published inMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Embargoed until: 2023-02-10Request copy from author
© 2022 American College of Sports Medicine
Purpose This study examined school-aged children’s actual motor competence (MC) and perceived physical competence (PC) over three years along with the covariate effects of gender and body mass index (BMI). Methods Participants were 1 121 (girls 573, boys 548) children (Mage 11.26 ± .32) from 35 randomly selected public schools across Finland. MC was assessed using three movement tests targeting locomotor, stability, and object control skills, and PC was assessed using the sport competence subscale of the Physical Self-Perception Profile via four-phase monitoring. Results MC and PC remained stable over time. Of the three variables, locomotor skills showed the strongest association with PC. Lower BMI was associated with advanced MC skills and a less steep decrease in locomotor and stability skills over time. Conclusions The acquisition of fundamental motor skills in childhood and early adolescence is a prerequisite for enhancing MC and PC. The contribution of locomotor skills to PC indicated that versatile lower limb strength, speed, dynamic balance, and movement skills are important for positive subjective beliefs about PC capability. Increasing the MC skills of the children in most need, particularly those with high BMI scores, merits special attention. ...
PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Additional information about fundingThe Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture funded this study in 2017–2021.
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