Environmental Correlates of Motor Competence in Children : The Skilled Kids Study
Niemistö, D., Finni Juutinen, T., Haapala, E., Cantell, M., Korhonen, E., & Sääkslahti, A. (2019). Environmental Correlates of Motor Competence in Children : The Skilled Kids Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(11), Article 1989. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16111989
DisciplineLiikuntapedagogiikkaBiomekaniikkaLiikuntalääketiedeSport PedagogyBiomechanicsSports and Exercise Medicine
© 2019 the authors.
Environment, physical activity (PA) and motor development are tightly interwoven during childhood. We examined the associations of environmental factors with motor competence (MC) in children. Children (N = 945, 50.1% boys, age = 3–7 years, mean = 5.4 years) from 37 childcare centres in the Southern (n = 17), Central (n = 13) and Northern Finland (n = 7) participated. The environmental factors comprised the geographical location (Southern, Central and Northern Finland) and residential density (metropolitan area, city, rural area and countryside) of the childcare centres’ based on postal codes and the national population density registry. MC was measured using the Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD)-3, as well as by quantifying time spent outdoors and participation in organised sports via parental questionnaire. It was found that children from the countryside had better MC and spent most time outdoors, while children from the metropolitan area most frequently engaged in organised sports. Gender comparisons revealed that girls outperformed boys in locomotor skills, while boys were better in object control skills, had higher TGMD-3 score and spent more time outdoors. Time spent outdoors and participation in organised sports were associated positively with MC, but not in children from the countryside. In conclusion, higher population density was associated with lower MC and less time spent outdoors. The findings suggest that versatile outdoor environments may support motor development through PA. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Related funder(s)Ministry of Education and Culture
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Sääkslahti, Arja; Niemistö, Donna (Editura Universitatea din Pitești, 2021)Problem Statement: Parents of young children favor indoor activities for their children, because staying inside supports comfortable daily routines in the family timetable, safety issues and clothing. However, playing ...
Motor competence, perceived physical competence, physical fitness, and physical activity within Finnish children Huhtiniemi, Mikko; Jaakkola, Timo; Seppälä, Sanni; Lahti, Jukka; Salin, Kasper; Hakonen, Harto; Stodden, David F. (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2019)The purpose of this study was to investigate reciprocal relationships among students’ motor competence (MC) (leaping, throwing, catching, jumping skills), perceived physical competence, health‐related fitness (HRF) (20 m ...
Contrasts in fitness, motor competence and physical activity among children involved in single or multiple sports Salin, Kasper; Huhtiniemi, Mikko; Watt, Anthony; Mononen, Kaisu; Jaakkola, Timo (Sciendo, 2021)Study aim: While there is wide debate around specialization in one sport, there is a lack of information about fitness levels and motor competence of children participating in single or multiple sports. Material and methods: ...
Development of accelerometer‐based light to vigorous physical activity in fitness profiles of school‐aged children Gråstén, Arto; Huhtiniemi, Mikko; Hakonen, Harto; Jaakkola, Timo (Wiley-Blackwell, 2021)This study examined the developmental trajectories of light (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in fitness profiles derived from motor competence, perceived motor competence, health-related fitness, and ...
What makes John move? : outdoor play physical environmental factors changing a child’s activity from sedentary to physically active : longitudinal mixed-method case study Iivonen, Susanna; Niemistö, Donna; Sääkslahti, Arja; Kettukangas, Titta (Suomen varhaiskasvatus ry, 2021)Children’s low physical activity levels call for an investigation of what can promote activity for excessively sedentary children. The purpose of this longitudinal mixed-method case study in an early childhood education ...