Combined aerobic and resistance training decreases inflammation markers in healthy men
Ihalainen, J., Schumann, M., Eklund, D., Hämäläinen, M., Moilanen, E., Paulsen, G., . . . , & Mero, A. (2018). Combined aerobic and resistance training decreases inflammation markers in healthy men. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 28 (1), 40-47. doi:10.1111/sms.12906
© 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Wiley. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Our primary aim was to study the effects of 24 weeks of combined aerobic and resistance training performed on the same day or on different days on inflammation markers. Physically active, healthy young men were randomly divided into three groups that performed: aerobic and resistance training consecutively in the same training session (SS) 2-3 days wk−1 or on alternating days (AD) 4-6 days wk−1 as well as control (C). The total training volume was matched in the training groups. The control group was asked to maintain their habitual physical activity and exercise level. Maximal leg press strength (1RM) and peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) were measured. Abdominal fat mass was estimated with dual-energy absorptiometry (DXA). High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and adipocytokines resistin, adiponectin, and leptin were analyzed from plasma samples. Training significantly reduced circulating hs-CRP, leptin, and resistin in both training groups (P<.05), whereas MCP-1 and TNF-α decreased only in AD (P<.05). Significant correlations were observed between changes in abdominal fat mass and corresponding changes in MCP-1, leptin, adiponectin, and resistin. Long-term combined aerobic and resistance training reduced markers of subclinical inflammation in healthy young men. The results indicate that a higher frequency of individual exercise sessions might be more beneficial with respect to the anti-inflammatory effects of physical activity. The decreases in inflammation markers seem to be related to decreases in abdominal fat mass. ...