Inflammation status of healthy young men : initial and specific responses to resistance training
Ihalainen, J., Peltonen, H., Paulsen, G., Ahtiainen, J., Taipale, R., Hämäläinen, M., Moilanen, E., & Mero, A. (2018). Inflammation status of healthy young men : initial and specific responses to resistance training. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 43(3), 252-258. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2017-0315
Published inApplied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism
DisciplineLiikuntafysiologiaValmennus- ja testausoppiExercise PhysiologyScience of Sport Coaching and Fitness Testing
© 2018, NRC Research Press. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by NRC Research Press. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Our primary aim was to study the effects of a 4-week preparatory resistance-training (RT) period followed by 12 weeks of 2 specific RT protocols (either hypertrophic-strength (HS) or strength-hypertrophy-power training) on inflammation markers and the possible relationship of the changes in abdominal fat and lean mass to the changes in inflammation status. A total of 82 healthy men were included in the study. Maximal concentric leg press strength (1-repetition maximum), total body lean mass, total body and abdominal fat mass, circulating high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), and selected adipocytokines (resistin, adiponectin, and leptin) concentrations were measured before and after 4 (wk4) and 16 weeks (wk16) of RT. After the initial phase of RT, on wk4, abdominal and total fat mass as well as plasma leptin concentrations were significantly reduced (p < 0.05), whereas muscle mass, IL-1ra, resistin, and MCP-1 concentrations were significantly increased (p < 0.05). During specialized training phase, at wk16, only HS led to further reduction in abdominal and total fat mass, resistin, and leptin (p < 0.05), whereas both training modes led to lower MCP-1 concentrations (p < 0.05). Abdominal fat mass and circulating leptin were reduced already after 4 weeks of RT. Simultaneously, circulating MCP-1 and resistin concentrations increased, possibly as markers of muscle adaptation and regeneration. The present findings also suggest that RT with hypertrophic focus is beneficial for further reductions in abdominal fat mass and to decrease circulating inflammatory markers. ...
PublisherNational Research Council Canada
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Ihalainen, Johanna (University of Jyväskylä, 2018)The aim of the present dissertation was to examine the acute and chronic effects of resistance exercise on inflammation markers in young men. In addition, the effect of combined resistance and endurance training on ...
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