Gene-environment interactions between education and body mass : Evidence from the UK and Finland
Amin, V., Böckerman, P., Viinikainen, J., Smart, M. C., Bao, Y., Kumari, M., . . . Pehkonen, J. (2017). Gene-environment interactions between education and body mass : Evidence from the UK and Finland. Social Science and Medicine, 195, 12-16. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.10.027
Published inSocial Science and Medicine
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Elsevier. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
More education is associated with a lower body mass index (BMI) and likelihood of being overweight. However, since a large proportion of the variation in body mass is due to genetic makeup, it has been hypothesized that education may moderate the genetic risk. We estimate main associations between (i) education, (ii) genetic risk, and (iii) interactions between education and genetic risk on BMI and the probability of being overweight in the UK and Finland. The estimates show that education is negatively associated with BMI and overweightness, and genetic risk is positively associated. However, the interactions between education and genetic risk are small and statistically insignificant.
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