Gene-environment interactions between education and body mass : Evidence from the UK and Finland
Amin, V., Böckerman, P., Viinikainen, J., Smart, M. C., Bao, Y., Kumari, M., Pitkänen, N., Lehtimäki, T., Raitakari, O., & Pehkonen, J. (2017). Gene-environment interactions between education and body mass : Evidence from the UK and Finland. Social Science and Medicine, 195, 12-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.10.027
Published inSocial Science and Medicine
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Elsevier. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
More education is associated with a lower body mass index (BMI) and likelihood of being overweight. However, since a large proportion of the variation in body mass is due to genetic makeup, it has been hypothesized that education may moderate the genetic risk. We estimate main associations between (i) education, (ii) genetic risk, and (iii) interactions between education and genetic risk on BMI and the probability of being overweight in the UK and Finland. The estimates show that education is negatively associated with BMI and overweightness, and genetic risk is positively associated. However, the interactions between education and genetic risk are small and statistically insignificant.
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- Kauppakorkeakoulu 
Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Strategic research programmes, AoF
Additional information about fundingThe Young Finns Study has been financially supported by the Academy of Finland: grants 286284, 134309 (Eye), 126925, 121584, 124282, 129378 (Salve), 117787 (Gendi), and 41071 (Skidi); the Social Insurance Institution of Finland; Competitive State Research Financing of the Expert Responsibility area of Kuopio, Tampere and Turku University Hospitals (grant X51001); Juho Vainio Foundation; Paavo Nurmi Foundation; Finnish Foundation for Cardiovascular Research; Finnish Cultural Foundation; Tampere Tuberculosis Foundation; Emil Aaltonen Foundation; Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation; Signe and Ane Gyllenberg Foundation; and Diabetes Research Foundation of Finnish Diabetes Association. Jutta Viinikainen and Jaakko Pehkonen acknowledge financial support from the Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation (grants 6664 and 6646). Böckerman thanks the Strategic Research Council funding for the project Work, Inequality and Public Policy (293120). Vikesh Amin acknowledges training received from the University of Michigan Genomics for Social Scientists Workshop (NIA R25 AG053227). ...
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