Task-oriented reading efficiency : interplay of general cognitive ability, task demands, strategies and reading fluency
Hautala, J., Salmerón, L., Tolvanen, A., Loberg, O., & Leppänen, P. (2022). Task-oriented reading efficiency : interplay of general cognitive ability, task demands, strategies and reading fluency. Reading and Writing, Early online. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11145-022-10265-7
Published inReading and Writing
© 2022 the Authors
The associations among readers’ cognitive skills (general cognitive ability, reading skills, and attentional functioning), task demands (easy versus difficult questions), and process measures (total fixation time on relevant and irrelevant paragraphs) was investigated to explain task-oriented reading accuracy and efficiency (number of scores in a given time unit). Structural equation modeling was applied to a large dataset collected with sixth-grade students, which included samples of dysfluent readers and those with attention difficulties. The results are in line with previous findings regarding the dominant role of general cognitive ability in the accuracy of task-oriented reading. However, efficiency in task-oriented reading was mostly explained by the shorter viewing times of both paragraph types (i.e., relevant and irrelevant), which were modestly explained by general cognitive ability and reading fluency. These findings suggest that high efficiency in task orientation is obtained by relying on a selective reading strategy when reading both irrelevant and relevant paragraphs. The selective reading strategy seems to be specifically learned, and this potentially applies to most students, even those with low cognitive abilities. ...
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Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Academy Programme, AoF
Additional information about fundingOpen Access funding provided by University of Jyväskylä (JYU). This research was funded by Academy of Finland with grant 274022 to Paavo Leppänen and working of first author for years 2018-2021 was supported by grants 317030 to Jarkko Hautala.
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