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dc.contributor.authorMertens, Lisa
dc.contributor.authorDe Martelaer, Kristine
dc.contributor.authorSääkslahti, Arja
dc.contributor.authorD’Hondt, Eva
dc.date.accessioned2022-02-07T07:14:31Z
dc.date.available2022-02-07T07:14:31Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier.citationMertens, L., De Martelaer, K., Sääkslahti, A., & D’Hondt, E. (2022). The Inter-Rater and Intra-Rater Reliability of the Actual Aquatic Skills Test (AAST) for Assessing Young Children’s Motor Competence in the Water. <i>International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health</i>, <i>19</i>(1), Article 446. <a href="https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010446" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010446</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_104129037
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/79649
dc.description.abstractAs children’s actual aquatic skills are important for the prevention of drowning as well as their engagement in lifelong aquatic physical activity, researchers and practitioners should be able to assess this vital concept accurately and reliably. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of the Actual Aquatic Skills Test (AAST), consisting of 17 different test items for the assessment of young children’s motor competence in the water. Six raters received a training and evaluation session on scoring the AAST, after which five of them assessed four test videos (of various children (n = 38) performing the test items) twice, with one to two weeks in between (i.e., test and re-test). Inter-rater and intra-rater reliability were determined per test video and for the different AAST test items across videos using Gwet’s Agreement Coefficient 2 (Gwet’s AC2). The Gwet’s AC2 for inter-rater reliability at the test varied from 0.414 to 1.000, indicating a moderate to perfect agreement between raters. For intra-rater reliability, it ranged from 0.628 to 1.000, demonstrating a good to perfect agreement between test and re-test scoring. In conclusion, the AAST is a promising tool to reliably assess young children’s actual aquatic skills in an indoor swimming pool.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.otherwater competence
dc.subject.otherswimming
dc.subject.otheraquatic literacy
dc.subject.otherphysical education
dc.subject.otherteacher
dc.subject.othercoach
dc.subject.otherassessment
dc.subject.otherpictorial scale
dc.titleThe Inter-Rater and Intra-Rater Reliability of the Actual Aquatic Skills Test (AAST) for Assessing Young Children’s Motor Competence in the Water
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202202071407
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.oppiaineLiikuntapedagogiikkafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineSport Pedagogyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.type.coarhttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_2df8fbb1
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn1661-7827
dc.relation.numberinseries1
dc.relation.volume19
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2021 the Authors
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysouimataito
dc.subject.ysolapset (ikäryhmät)
dc.subject.ysoreliabiliteetti
dc.subject.ysoliikunnanopettajat
dc.subject.ysomotoriset taidot
dc.subject.ysouimaopettajat
dc.subject.ysokoululiikunta
dc.subject.ysoarviointi
dc.subject.ysoliikuntataidot
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p18554
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p4354
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p9970
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p12025
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p24478
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p19036
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p15765
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p7413
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p24598
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.3390/ijerph19010446
jyx.fundinginformationThis research received no external funding.
dc.type.okmA1


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