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dc.contributor.authorMäkelä, Tiina
dc.contributor.authorLeinonen, Teemu
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-01T05:51:01Z
dc.date.available2021-12-01T05:51:01Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationMäkelä, T., & Leinonen, T. (2021). Design Framework and Principles for Learning Environment Co-Design : Synthesis from Literature and Three Empirical Studies. <i>Buildings</i>, <i>11</i>(12), Article 581. <a href="https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11120581" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11120581</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_102275180
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/78843
dc.description.abstractThe need for environments conducive to learning and wellbeing has been broadly recognised. Considering particularly learner perceptions in the learning environment design is known to improve both their learning and wellbeing. There are no, however, shared theoretical frameworks guiding the learning environment co-design from the learner perspective. As a response to this challenge, a learning environment design (LED) framework was developed based on the literature and co-design involving learners aged 7 to 19 (n = 342) in Finland (n = 266) and Spain (n = 76). The LED framework entails 53 characteristics grouped under seven constructs. It draws attention to the importance of balancing communality with individuality, comfort with health, and novelty with conventionality. Flexibility and functionality are recognised as central enablers for a quality learning environment. The study suggests a design framework and principles for learning environment co-design. They can serve as a research-based introduction to the topic after which priorities can be defined based on the concrete design target and goals, and concrete design solutions can be created in the participatory design involving learners and other key stakeholders.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseriesBuildings
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.otherdesign framework
dc.subject.otherdesign principles
dc.subject.othereducational design research
dc.subject.otherlearning and wellbeing
dc.subject.otherlearning environments
dc.subject.otherparticipatory design
dc.subject.otherco-design
dc.titleDesign Framework and Principles for Learning Environment Co-Design : Synthesis from Literature and Three Empirical Studies
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202112015847
dc.contributor.laitosKoulutuksen tutkimuslaitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosFinnish Institute for Educational Researchen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn2075-5309
dc.relation.numberinseries12
dc.relation.volume11
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.relation.grantnumber20200060
dc.subject.ysoosallistava suunnittelu
dc.subject.ysoyhteissuunnittelu
dc.subject.ysokoulurakennukset
dc.subject.ysooppimisympäristö
dc.subject.ysotilasuunnittelu
dc.subject.ysoopetustilat
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p20692
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p8340
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p12067
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p4835
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p9942
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2168
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.3390/buildings11120581
dc.relation.funderKunnallisalan kehittämissäätiöfi
dc.relation.funderKunnallisalan kehittämissäätiöen
jyx.fundingprogramSäätiöfi
jyx.fundingprogramFoundationen
jyx.fundinginformationThe research was funded by the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation through the Indoor Environment Program (2011–2014), the Finnish Cultural Foundation’s Central Finland Regional Fund (2013–2018), and the Finnish Foundation for Municipal Development (2020–22).


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