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dc.contributor.authorJenu, Samppa
dc.contributor.authorBaumeister, Stefan
dc.contributor.authorPippuri-Mäkeläinen, Jenni
dc.contributor.authorManninen, Aino
dc.contributor.authorPaakkinen, Marko
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-27T10:04:39Z
dc.date.available2021-09-27T10:04:39Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationJenu, S., Baumeister, S., Pippuri-Mäkeläinen, J., Manninen, A., & Paakkinen, M. (2021). The emission reduction potential of electric transport modes in Finland. <i>Environmental Research Letters</i>, <i>16</i>(10), Article 104010. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac2440" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac2440</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_100946868
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/77919
dc.description.abstractThe transportation sector has become the fastest growing source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. One solution to mitigate the impacts is a shift towards electric modes. Where previous studies have only focused on the replacement of individual modes, our study presents a more holistic approach by comparing land-based, water-based and airborne transportation modes. We study the GHG emission reduction potentials of electric cars, buses, trains, ferries and aircraft in comparison to existing modes on 34 routes within Finland and across the Baltic Sea to Sweden and Estonia. By comparing the GHG emissions in carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2-eq) per passenger kilometer for each mode, we also consider the emissions generated from battery production as well as the differences in the energy mix from electricity production of the three studied countries. In addition to CO2-eq emissions per passenger kilometer, we also take real door-to-door travel times into account. Our study found that electric transportation modes possess great potential for emissions reduction. Nevertheless, depending on the energy mix used for electricity production, the emissions of electric transportation modes can exceed those of existing modes significantly. In addition, the emissions generated by battery production can have a significant share of the total emissions and should therefore always be considered. Finally, while also taking into account the door-to-door travel times, our study the great potential of electric aircraft to provide a less carbon intensive transportation option paired with short travel times starting on routes beyond 300 km where no high-speed rail exists as well as on routes across the water.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherInstitute of Physics Publishing
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEnvironmental Research Letters
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.otherModal shift
dc.subject.otherElectric transport modes
dc.subject.otherElectric aviation
dc.subject.otherGreenhouse gas emissions
dc.titleThe emission reduction potential of electric transport modes in Finland
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202109274987
dc.contributor.laitosKauppakorkeakoulufi
dc.contributor.laitosSchool of Business and Economicsen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn1748-9326
dc.relation.numberinseries10
dc.relation.volume16
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2021 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysomatka-aika
dc.subject.ysosähköajoneuvot
dc.subject.ysokasvihuonekaasut
dc.subject.ysotieliikenne
dc.subject.ysopäästöt
dc.subject.ysoraideliikenne
dc.subject.ysolentoliikenne
dc.subject.ysolaivaliikenne
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p12731
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p27472
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p4729
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p8934
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p437
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p6244
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p4262
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p1918
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1088/1748-9326/ac2440


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