Replacing short-haul flights with land-based transportation modes to reduce greenhouse gas emissions: the case of Finland
Baumeister, S. (2019). Replacing short-haul flights with land-based transportation modes to reduce greenhouse gas emissions: the case of Finland. Journal of Cleaner Production, 225, 262-269. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.03.329
Published inJournal of Cleaner Production
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd.
Even though air travel often provides the fastest transport option, it also has the highest climate impact. Especially on long-haul trips, an aircraft usually represents the only feasible option. Nevertheless, aircraft are more often used on short-haul routes as well. It is the short-haul flights that produce the highest emissions per passenger. These are also the ones that could be replaced the most easily by land-based transportation modes. This study investigates the greenhouse gas emissions reduction potential of replacing short-haul flights with train, coach and car travel within Finland while also taking into account real travel times from door to door. Our results showed that replacing short-haul flights could significantly reduce a country’s climate impact. Furthermore, we found that existing land-based transportation modes can keep up with the travel times of aircrafts on routes up to 400 km.
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