Associations of physical performance and physical activity with mental well-being in middle-aged women
Bondarev, D., Sipilä, S., Finni, T., Kujala, U. M., Aukee, P., Kovanen, V., Laakkonen, E., & Kokko, K. (2021). Associations of physical performance and physical activity with mental well-being in middle-aged women. BMC Public Health, 21, Article 1448. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11485-2
Published inBMC Public Health
© 2021 the Authors
Background To investigate whether physical performance is independently of physical activity (PA) associated with positive and negative dimensions of mental well-being in middle-aged women. Methods Data were drawn from the Estrogenic Regulation of Muscle Apoptosis (ERMA) study in which women 47 to 55 years were randomly selected from the Finnish National Registry. They (n = 909) participated in measurements of physical performance (handgrip force, knee extension force, vertical jumping height, maximal walking speed, and six-minute walking distance). Both mental well-being (the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the International Positive and Negative Affect Schedule Short Form and the Satisfaction with Life Scale) and PA were self-reported. Associations between variables were analysed using multivariate linear regression modelling adjusted for body height, fat mass %, menopausal status and symptoms, marital status, parity, employment status, self-reported mental disorders, and use of psycholeptics and psychoanaleptics. PA was then entered into a separate model to explore its role in the associations. Results In the adjusted models, significant positive associations of six-minute walking distance with positive affectivity (B = 0.12, p = 0.002) and life satisfaction (B = 0.15, p = 0.033) were observed. No significant associations were observed between physical performance and depressive symptoms or negative affectivity. PA was positively associated with positive affectivity and life satisfaction and negatively with depressive symptoms across all the physical performance variables. Conclusions Of the physical performance dimensions, aerobic component was associated with positive mental well-being independently of PA level. In relation to other physical performance components, the results point to the benefits of physical activity for mental well-being. ...
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Related funder(s)Academy of Finland; European Commission
Funding program(s)Research post as Academy Research Fellow, AoF; Academy Project, AoF
The content of the publication reflects only the author’s view. The funder is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.
Additional information about fundingThis study was supported by funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under a Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement (PANINI No 675003, Sarianna Sipilä), the Academy of Finland (grant 275323 to Vuokko Kovanen, grant 309504 to Eija K. Laakkonen) and the Ministry of Education and Culture of Finland (OKM/49/626/2017, OKM/72/626/2018, OKM/92/626/2019, Katja Kokko). ...
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