Do opposite ends of same factors underlie life satisfaction vs. depressive symptoms among older people?
Pynnönen, K., Kokko, K., Saajanaho, M., Törmäkangas, T., Portegijs, E., & Rantanen, T. (2021). Do opposite ends of same factors underlie life satisfaction vs. depressive symptoms among older people?. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 33(9), 2557-2564. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40520-020-01765-z
Published inAging Clinical and Experimental Research
© The Author(s) 2021
Background Although depressive symptoms are more common among older than younger age groups, life satisfaction tends to remain stable over the life course, possibly because the underlying factors or processes differ. Aim To study whether the factors that increase the likelihood of high life satisfaction also decrease the likelihood of depressive symptoms among older people. Methods The data were a population-based probability sample drawn from community-dwelling people aged 75, 80, and 85 years (n = 1021). Participants’ life satisfaction was measured with the Satisfaction with Life Scale and depressive symptoms with the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Physical performance, perceived financial situation, executive functions, loneliness, self-acceptance, and having interests in one’s life were studied as explanatory variables. The data were analyzed using cross-sectional bivariate linear modeling. Results Better physical performance, not perceiving loneliness, having special interests in one’s life, and higher self-acceptance were associated with higher life satisfaction and fewer depressive symptoms. Better financial situation was related only to life satisfaction. Executive functions were not associated with either of the outcomes. Discussion The opposite ends of the same factors underlie positive and negative dimensions of mental well-being. Conclusion Further studies are warranted to better understand how people maintain life satisfaction with aging when many resources may diminish and depressive symptoms become more prevalent. ...
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Related funder(s)Academy of Finland; European Commission
Funding program(s)Academy Project, AoF
The content of the publication reflects only the author’s view. The funder is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.
Additional information about fundingOpen Access funding provided by University of Jyväskylä (JYU). The AGNES study was financially supported by an Advanced Grant from the European Research Council (Grant no. 693045 to TR) and by the Academy of Finland (Grant 310526 to TR). The writing of this article (KK and MS) was also supported by the Academy of Finland (Grant 323541 to KK) and the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture (Grant to EP). ...
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