Identifying and Assessing Inter-Muscular Fat at the Distal Diaphyseal Femur Measured by Peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT)
Owen, P. J., Hart, N. H., Latella, C., Hendy, A. M., Lamon, S., & Rantalainen, T. (2021). Identifying and Assessing Inter-Muscular Fat at the Distal Diaphyseal Femur Measured by Peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT). Journal of Clinical Densitometry, 24(1), 106-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocd.2019.11.001
Published inJournal of Clinical Densitometry
© 2019 The International Society for Clinical Densitometry.
INTRODUCTION Inter/intramuscular fat can be assessed with peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT) and is of interest as an indicator of ‘muscle quality’. Typical pQCT scan sites (forearm, lower leg) have a low amount of inter/intramuscular fat, however distal diaphyseal femur scan sites with conspicuous inter/intramuscular fat have been identified as potentially more prudent scan sites, even in healthy adolescents. However, current state of the art analysis methods require labour-intensive manual segmentation of the scan. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the reliability of a novel open source automated enclosing convex polygon approach (source code https://github.com/tjrantal/pQCT, commit cec9bce) to quantify inter/intramuscular fat from femoral pQCT scans in healthy adults. METHODOLOGY The distal diaphyseal femur (25% of tibial length from the knee joint towards the hip) of twenty seven adults aged 18 to 50 years were scanned twice, one week apart, using pQCT. Subcutaneous fat, muscle, inter/intramuscular fat, and marrow areas, and corresponding densities were evaluated using a method we have reported previously, as well as the novel enclosing convex polygon method. RESULTS The session-to-session reliability of the assessments was fair to excellent using the previously reported method as indicated by intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC2,1) ranging from 0.45 to 1.00, while the novel method produced excellent reliability (ICC2,1 0.78 to 1.00). CONCLUSION Distal diaphyseal femur appears to be a potentially informative and prudent scan site for inter/intramuscular fat evaluation with pQCT. ...
PublisherInternational Society for Clinical Densitometry; Elsevier Inc.
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Research costs of Academy Research Fellow, AoF; Research post as Academy Research Fellow, AoF
Additional information about fundingNational Library of Medicine for recording the Visible Human Data Set, and granting access to the scans. The study was funded by a Deakin University Central Research Grant Scheme (CRGS) 2017 grant to AMH and SL. TR was an Academy Research Fellow during the preparation of this manuscript ( Academy of Finland grant numbers 321336 and 328818 ). NHH is supported by a Cancer Council of Western Australia Research Fellowship. The source code of the implementation used in the present study is available from github ( https://github.com/tjrantal/pQCT , commit cec9bce onwards). ...
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