Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorKontro, Titta K.
dc.contributor.authorTolvanen, Asko
dc.contributor.authorSarna, Seppo
dc.contributor.authorKaprio, Jaakko
dc.contributor.authorKujala, Urho M.
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-16T12:34:24Z
dc.date.available2020-11-16T12:34:24Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationKontro, T. K., Tolvanen, A., Sarna, S., Kaprio, J., & Kujala, U. M. (2021). Physical activity, use of alcohol and smoking in middle-aged and aging men : A longitudinal study among Finnish male former athletes and controls. <i>European Journal of Sport Science</i>, <i>21</i>(3), 460-469. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2020.1761889" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2020.1761889</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_35750367
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/72633
dc.description.abstractIt is not known whether decrease in physical activity (PA) is associated with binge drinking among former athletes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reciprocal associations between PA and use of alcohol among former athletes and controls at four time points. Furthermore, we examined whether there were longitudinal latent profiles related to use of alcohol, smoking and PA during the follow-up. Finnish male former elite athletes (n = 1633) and matched controls (n = 1099) questionnaire-reported their PA, alcohol consumption and smoking at four time points in 1985, 1995, 2001 and 2008. Former athletes were more physically active and smoked less than controls, but in all profiles smoking decreased during the follow-up. Former athletes consumed alcohol significantly more compared to controls in 1985, especially if their athletic career had ended suddenly by sports injury. At other time points, no differences were seen. Five latent profiles were found, and there were significant differences between former athletes and controls in the probabilities to belong to four of them. PA decreased in four of five profiles, while alcohol consumption decreased or increased in some profiles. But PA did not predict later alcohol consumption at any time point. Cross-lagged path model indicated that the mutual associations of alcohol use and PA were weak at most. Although risk of excessive alcohol consumption may increase in individuals, whose athletic career has ended suddenly by sports injury, overall PA and alcohol affected each other’s development only modestly among former athletes and controls during the 23-year follow-up.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEuropean Journal of Sport Science
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.subject.otherformer athlete(s)
dc.titlePhysical activity, use of alcohol and smoking in middle-aged and aging men : A longitudinal study among Finnish male former athletes and controls
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202011166656
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosPsykologian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Psychologyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineLiikuntalääketiedefi
dc.contributor.oppiainePsykologiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineSports and Exercise Medicineen
dc.contributor.oppiainePsychologyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange460-469
dc.relation.issn1746-1391
dc.relation.numberinseries3
dc.relation.volume21
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2020 European College of Sport Science
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysotupakointi
dc.subject.ysourheilijat
dc.subject.ysokohorttitutkimus
dc.subject.ysopitkittäistutkimus
dc.subject.ysoalkoholi (päihteet)
dc.subject.ysoalkoholinkäyttö
dc.subject.ysoelintavat
dc.subject.ysofyysinen aktiivisuus
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p10017
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3315
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p25606
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p14610
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p13929
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p8393
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p5530
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p23102
dc.rights.urlhttp://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/?language=en
dc.relation.doi10.1080/17461391.2020.1761889
jyx.fundinginformationThis study was funded by University of Jyväskylä, the University of Helsinki and Urheiluopistosäätiö. JK is supported by the Academyof Finland [grant numbers 265240, 312073]


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

In Copyright
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as In Copyright