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dc.contributor.authorNykänen, Tarja Päivikki
dc.contributor.authorPihlainen, Kai
dc.contributor.authorKyröläinen, Heikki
dc.contributor.authorFogelholm, Mikael
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-20T11:47:56Z
dc.date.available2020-05-20T11:47:56Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationNykänen, Tarja Päivikki; Pihlainen, Kai; Kyröläinen, Heikki; Fogelholm, Mikael (2020). Associations of nutrition and body composition with cardiovascular disease risk factors in soldiers during a 6-month deployment. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 33 (4), 457-466. DOI: 10.13075/ijomeh.1896.01541
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_35691932
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/69120
dc.description.abstractObjectives: This observational follow-up study investigated the associations of nutrition and body composition with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, including pro-inflammatory biomarkers, in soldiers during a 6-month deployment. Material and Methods: Thirty-five male soldiers were assessed at months 0, 3 and 6, and their parameters, i.e., M±SD, were as follows: age 30.0±8.7 years, height 179±6 cm, and BMI 24.2±2.5 kg/m2. Three-day food diaries were used for monitoring macronutrient intake. Body composition was estimated using bioimpedance. Fasting blood samples for lipids and pro-inflammatory biomarkers were collected, and blood pressure measurements were performed. Results: Carbohydrate intake increased and protein intake decreased at month 3 (p = 0.034, p < 0.001), while body composition remained stable. Systolic blood pressure increased at month 6, while other CVD risk factors remained within the reference values. Fat mass and body fat percentage were associated positively with total and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations at all measurement points. A negative association was found between the change in fiber intake vs. the change in total (r = –0.36, p = 0.033) and LDL cholesterol (r = –0.39, p = 0.019). Conclusions: Lower fiber intake and a greater amount of body fat were associated with high total and LDL cholesterol concentrations. Nevertheless, the measured CVD risk factors remained within the reference values, except for the higher systolic blood pressure. A regular screening of body composition and a higher consumption of fiberrich foods may promote cardiometabolic health in soldiers.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherPolish Association of Occupational Medicine
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInternational Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
dc.rightsCC BY-NC 3.0 PL
dc.subject.otherblood pressure
dc.subject.othercholesterol
dc.subject.othersoldier
dc.subject.otherbody fat
dc.subject.otherfiber intake
dc.subject.othercrisis management
dc.titleAssociations of nutrition and body composition with cardiovascular disease risk factors in soldiers during a 6-month deployment
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202005203373
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange457-466
dc.relation.issn1232-1087
dc.relation.numberinseries4
dc.relation.volume33
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© Authors, 2020
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoterveydentila
dc.subject.ysoterveysvaikutukset
dc.subject.ysoverenpaine
dc.subject.ysorauhanturvaoperaatiot
dc.subject.ysosotilaat
dc.subject.ysokolesteroli
dc.subject.ysoravintokuitu
dc.subject.ysoruokavaliot
dc.subject.ysokehonkoostumus
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p11646
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p15449
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p7682
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p37792
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2504
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p10609
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p4790
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3790
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p26989
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/pl/deed.en
dc.relation.doi10.13075/ijomeh.1896.01541


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CC BY-NC 3.0 PL
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