Associations of nutrition and body composition with cardiovascular disease risk factors in soldiers during a 6-month deployment
Nykänen, T. P., Pihlainen, K., Kyröläinen, H., & Fogelholm, M. (2020). Associations of nutrition and body composition with cardiovascular disease risk factors in soldiers during a 6-month deployment. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 33(4), 457-466. https://doi.org/10.13075/ijomeh.1896.01541
© Authors, 2020
Objectives: This observational follow-up study investigated the associations of nutrition and body composition with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, including pro-inflammatory biomarkers, in soldiers during a 6-month deployment. Material and Methods: Thirty-five male soldiers were assessed at months 0, 3 and 6, and their parameters, i.e., M±SD, were as follows: age 30.0±8.7 years, height 179±6 cm, and BMI 24.2±2.5 kg/m2. Three-day food diaries were used for monitoring macronutrient intake. Body composition was estimated using bioimpedance. Fasting blood samples for lipids and pro-inflammatory biomarkers were collected, and blood pressure measurements were performed. Results: Carbohydrate intake increased and protein intake decreased at month 3 (p = 0.034, p < 0.001), while body composition remained stable. Systolic blood pressure increased at month 6, while other CVD risk factors remained within the reference values. Fat mass and body fat percentage were associated positively with total and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations at all measurement points. A negative association was found between the change in fiber intake vs. the change in total (r = –0.36, p = 0.033) and LDL cholesterol (r = –0.39, p = 0.019). Conclusions: Lower fiber intake and a greater amount of body fat were associated with high total and LDL cholesterol concentrations. Nevertheless, the measured CVD risk factors remained within the reference values, except for the higher systolic blood pressure. A regular screening of body composition and a higher consumption of fiberrich foods may promote cardiometabolic health in soldiers. ...
PublisherPolish Association of Occupational Medicine
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Menopausal status and physical activity are independently associated with cardiovascular risk factors of healthy middle-aged women : cross-sectional and longitudinal evidence Karvinen, Sira; Jergenson, Matthew J.; Hyvärinen, Matti; Aukee, Pauliina; Tammelin, Tuija; Sipilä, Sarianna; Kovanen, Vuokko; Kujala, Urho M.; Laakkonen, Eija K. (Frontiers Media, 2019)Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the primary cause of mortality in women in developed countries. CVD risk rises with age, yet for women there is a rapid increase in CVD risk that occurs after the onset of menopause. This ...
Diet Macronutrient Composition, Physical Activity, and Body Composition in Soldiers During 6 Months Deployment Nykänen, Tarja; Pihlainen, Kai; Santtila, Matti; Vasankari, Tommi; Fogelholm, Mikael; Kyröläinen, Heikki (Association of Military Surgeons, 2019)Introduction: Optimal diet together with good physical fitness maintains readiness and military performance during longer deployments. The purpose of this study was to describe changes in dietary macronutrient and energy ...
Effects of Combined Strength and Endurance Training on Body Composition, Physical Fitness, and Serum Hormones During a 6-Month Crisis Management Operation Pihlainen, Kai; Kyröläinen, Heikki; Santtila, Matti; Ojanen, Tommi; Raitanen, Jani; Häkkinen, Keijo (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; National Strength and Conditioning Association, 2020)Very few studies have examined the impact of training interventions on soldier readiness during an international military operation. Therefore, the present study investigated the effects of combined strength and endurance ...
Associations of physical activity, sedentary time, and diet quality with biomarkers of inflammation in children Haapala, Eero A.; Väistö, Juuso; Ihalainen, Johanna K.; Tomaselli González, Claudia; Leppänen, Marja H.; Veijalainen, Aapo; Sallinen, Taisa; Eloranta, Aino-Maija; Ekelund, Ulf; Schwab, Ursula; Brage, Soren; Atalay, Mustafa; Lakka, Timo A. (Taylor & Francis, 2021)We investigated the associations of physical activity (PA), sedentary time (ST), and diet quality with biomarkers of inflammation in 390 children (192 girls, 198 boys) aged 6-8 years. PA energy expenditure (PAEE), light ...
Associations of Physical Fitness and Body Composition Characteristics With Simulated Military Task Performance Pihlainen, K.; Santtila, M.; Häkkinen, Keijo; Kyröläinen, Heikki (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; National Strength and Conditioning Association, 2018)The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations of physical fitness and body composition characteristics with anaerobic endurance performance, tested in the combat load using the occupationally relevant ...