The role of motor system in action-related language comprehension in L1 and L2 : An fMRI study
Tian, L., Chen, H., Zhao, W., Wu, J., Zhang, Q., De, A., Leppänen, P., Cong, F., & Parviainen, T. (2020). The role of motor system in action-related language comprehension in L1 and L2 : An fMRI study. Brain and Language, 201, Article 104714. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.104714
Published inBrain and Language
DisciplinePsykologiaMonitieteinen aivotutkimuskeskusPsychologyCentre for Interdisciplinary Brain Research
© 2019 The Authors
The framework of embodied cognition has challenged the modular view of a language-cognition divide by suggesting that meaning-retrieval critically involves the sensory-motor system. Despite extensive research into the neural mechanisms underlying language-motor coupling, it remains unclear how the motor system might be differentially engaged by different levels of linguistic abstraction and language proficiency. To address this issue, we used fMRI to quantify neural activations in brain regions underlying motor and language processing in Chinese-English speakers’ processing of literal, metaphorical, and abstract language in their L1 and L2. Results overall revealed a response in motor ROIs gradually attenuating in intensity from literal to abstract via metaphorical language in both L1 and L2. Furthermore, contrast analyses between L1 and L2 showed overall greater activations of motor ROIs in the L2. We conclude that motor involvement in language processing is graded rather than all-or-none and that the motor system has a dual-functional role. ...
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Additional information about fundingThis study was funded by the National Social Science Fund of China No. 16BYY073, The Neural Correlates of L2 Metaphor Comprehension.
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