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dc.contributor.authorIhalainen, Pasi
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-16T12:02:13Z
dc.date.available2019-10-16T12:02:13Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationIhalainen, P. (2019). The fragility of Finnish parliamentary democracy at the moment when Prussianism fell. <i>Journal of Modern European History</i>, <i>17</i>(4), 448-468. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1177/1611894419880458" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1177/1611894419880458</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_33238600
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/65913
dc.description.abstractThe Finnish case is in many ways illustrative of the complexities of democratisation after World War I. Finland found itself at the nexus of a Swedish constitutional tradition, legalism and ideological controversies adopted from Imperial Germany, the radicalised Russian Revolution, and Western parliamentary democracy. After having been a model for reformers demanding women’s suffrage, for instance, the country found itself in autumn 1918 going in the opposite direction to almost all other European countries. This article analyses the fragility of Finnish parliamentary democracy then, contrasting it with longer-term trends supportive of democratisation. ‘Democracy’ had been the goal for most Finnish political parties since the adoption of universal suffrage in 1906, but the meaning of the concept remained contested and became increasingly so after the Russian Revolution in disputes concerning parliamentary sovereignty, the declaration of independence, a civil war, monarchical reaction, and the search for a republican compromise. For as long as Germany was expected to win the war, democracy in Finland remained fragile, challenged from within first by the revolutionary far-left and then by the reactionary right. The victory of ‘Western democracies’ forced both the left and the right to rethink their opposition to ‘Western’ parliamentary democracy and to adapt to a constitutional compromise. The ideological contestability of democracy remained but confrontations were confined by extremism’s loss of credibility, the growing influence of centrist groups, and a shared determination to avoid another civil war.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSage Publications
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Modern European History
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.subject.otherWorld War I
dc.subject.otherFinnish Civil War
dc.subject.otherparliamentary democracy
dc.subject.otherconceptual history
dc.subject.othertransnational history
dc.titleThe fragility of Finnish parliamentary democracy at the moment when Prussianism fell
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201910164486
dc.contributor.laitosHistorian ja etnologian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of History and Ethnologyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineYleinen historiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineGeneral Historyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange448-468
dc.relation.issn1611-8944
dc.relation.numberinseries4
dc.relation.volume17
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© The Author, 2019
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoparlamentarismi
dc.subject.ysodemokratisoituminen
dc.subject.ysotransnationaalisuus
dc.subject.ysodemokratia
dc.subject.ysoensimmäinen maailmansota
dc.subject.ysokäsitehistoria
dc.subject.ysoSuomen sisällissota
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p812
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p15530
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p21700
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p742
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p9575
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p21757
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p10970
dc.rights.urlhttp://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/?language=en
dc.relation.doi10.1177/1611894419880458


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