Infant information processing and family history of specific language impairment: converging evidence for RAP deficits from two paradigms
Choudhury, N., Leppänen, P. H., Leevers, H. J., & Benasich, A. (2007). Infant information processing and family history of specific language impairment: converging evidence for RAP deficits from two paradigms. Developmental Science, 10, 213-236. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2007.00546.x
Published inDevelopmental Science
© 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
An infant's ability to process auditory signals presented in rapid succession (i.e. rapid auditory processing abilities [RAP]) has been shown to predict differences in language outcomes in toddlers and preschool children. Early deficits in RAP abilities may serve as a behavioral marker for language‐based learning disabilities. The purpose of this study is to determine if performance on infant information processing measures designed to tap RAP and global processing skills differ as a function of family history of specific language impairment (SLI) and/or the particular demand characteristics of the paradigm used. Seventeen 6‐ to 9‐month‐old infants from families with a history of specific language impairment (FH+) and 29 control infants (FH−) participated in this study. Infants’ performance on two different RAP paradigms (head‐turn procedure [HT] and auditory‐visual habituation/recognition memory [AVH/RM]) and on a global processing task (visual habituation/recognition memory [VH/RM]) was assessed at 6 and 9 months. Toddler language and cognitive skills were evaluated at 12 and 16 months. A number of significant group differences were seen: FH+ infants showed significantly poorer discrimination of fast rate stimuli on both RAP tasks, took longer to habituate on both habituation/recognition memory measures, and had lower novelty preference scores on the visual habituation/recognition memory task. Infants’ performance on the two RAP measures provided independent but converging contributions to outcome. Thus, different mechanisms appear to underlie performance on operantly conditioned tasks as compared to habituation/recognition memory paradigms. Further, infant RAP processing abilities predicted to 12‐ and 16‐month language scores above and beyond family history of SLI. The results of this study provide additional support for the validity of infant RAP abilities as a behavioral marker for later language outcome. Finally, this is the first study to use a battery of infant tasks to demonstrate multi‐modal processing deficits in infants at risk for SLI. ...
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Language development, literacy skills and predictive connections to reading in Finnish children with and without familial risk for dyslexia Torppa, Minna; Lyytinen, Paula; Erskine, Jane; Eklund, Kenneth; Lyytinen, Heikki (Sage publications, 2010)Discriminative language markers and predictive links between early language and literacy skills were investigated retrospectively in the Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Dyslexia in which children at familial risk for ...
van Bijnen, Sam; Kärkkäinen, Salme; Helenius, Päivi; Parviainen, Tiina (Nature Publishing Group, 2019)Specific language impairment (SLI) is a developmental disorder linked to deficient auditory processing. In this magnetoencephalography (MEG) study we investigated a specific prolonged auditory response (N250m) that has ...
Specific language impairment : a look into auditory cortex in time window of 80-600ms post stimulus using magnetoencephalography Keita, Pertti (2014)Children with specific language impairment (SLI) have problems in expressing themselves verbally and are generally a few years behind other children in language skills. They have limited vocabulary and are often late to ...
Auditorisen prosessoinnin taitojen, puheen havaitsemisen taitojen ja fonologisen prosessoinnin taitojen väliset yhteydet 4-6- vuotiailla dysleksiariski- ja kontrollilapsilla Huikari, Elli (2011)TIIVISTELMÄ Tekijä: Elli Huikari Ohjaaja: Jarmo Hämäläinen Psykologian pro gradu- tutkielma Kevät 2011 Jyväskylän yliopisto Tutkimuksessa tarkasteltiin auditorisen prosessoinnin, puheen havaitsemisen ja fonologisen ...
Putkinen, Vesa; Saarikivi, Katri; Tervaniemi, Mari (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2013)The influence of formal musical training on auditory cognition has been well established. For the majority of children, however, musical experience does not primarily consist of adult-guided training on a musical instrument. ...