Intellectual ability in young adulthood as an antecedent of physical functioning in older age
Poranen-Clark, T., von Bonsdorff, M., Törmäkangas, T., Lahti, J., Wasenius, N., Räikkönen, K., Osmond, C., Salonen, M. K., Rantanen, T., Kajantie, E., & Eriksson, J. G. (2016). Intellectual ability in young adulthood as an antecedent of physical functioning in older age. Age and Ageing, 45(5), 727-731. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afw087
Published inAge and Ageing
DisciplineGerontologia ja kansanterveysGerontologian tutkimuskeskusGerontology and Public HealthGerontology Research Center
© The Authors, 2016.
Objectives: low cognitive ability is associated with subsequent functional disability. Whether this association extends across adult life has been little studied. The aim of this study was to examine the association between intellectual ability in young adulthood and physical functioning during a 10-year follow-up in older age. Methods: three hundred and sixty persons of the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study (HBCS) male members, born between 1934 and 1944 and residing in Finland in 1971, took part in The Finnish Defence Forces Basic Intellectual Ability Test during the first 2 weeks of their military service training between 1952 and 1972. Their physical functioning was assessed twice using the Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire at average ages of 61 and 71 years. A longitudinal path model linking Intellectual Ability Test score to the physical functioning assessments was used to explore the effect of intellectual ability in young adulthood on physical functioning in older age. Results: after adjustments for age at measurement, childhood socioeconomic status and adult BMI (kg/m2), better intellectual ability total and arithmetic and verbal reasoning subtest scores in young adulthood predicted better physical functioning at age 61 years (P values <0.021). Intellectual ability total and arithmetic and verbal reasoning subtest scores in young adulthood had indirect effects on physical functioning at age 71 years (P values <0.022) through better physical functioning at age 61 years. Adjustment for main chronic diseases did not change the results materially. Conclusion: better early-life intellectual ability helps in maintaining better physical functioning in older age. ...
PublisherOxford University Press; British Geriatrics Society
ISSN Search the Publication Forum0002-0729
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Relationship between cognitive performance and mobility over the life course Poranen-Clark, Taina (Jyväskylän yliopisto, 2018)We studied cross-sectional, longitudinal and temporal associations between executive function and life-space mobility in old age. We assessed the association between intellectual ability in early adulthood and physical ...
Functional Capacity and Difficulties in Activities of Daily Living From a Cross-National Perspective Kekäläinen, Tiia; Luchetti, Martina; Sutin, Angelina; Terracciano, Antonio (SAGE Publications, 2022)Objectives: This study investigated whether physical and cognitive functioning predicts developing difficulties in basic or instrumental activities of daily living (ADL/IADL), and whether country-level factors moderated ...
Functioning and quality of life as perspectives of health in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis in early adulthood : measurement and long-term outcome Arkela-Kautiainen, Marja (University of Jyväskylä, 2006)First aim of this study entity was to evaluate the results of treatment and rehabilitation in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The long-term health outcomes in the early adulthood were evaluated in the ...
Mental, Physical and Social Functioning in Independently Living Senior House Residents and Community-Dwelling Older Adults Lahti, Anna-Maria; Mikkola, Tuija M.; Salonen, Minna; Wasenius, Niko; Sarvimäki, Anneli; Eriksson, Johan G.; von Bonsdorff, Mikaela B. (MDPI AG, 2021)Senior houses provide social interaction and support, potentially supporting older people’s physical and mental functioning. Few studies have investigated functioning of senior house residents. The aim was to compare ...
Associations Between Physical and Executive Functions Among Community-Dwelling Older Men and Women Tirkkonen, Anna; Kulmala, Jenni; Hänninen, Tuomo; Törmäkangas, Timo; Stigsdotter, Neely Anna; Sipilä, Sarianna (Human Kinetics, 2022)Walking is a complex task requiring the interplay of neuromuscular, sensory, and cognitive functions. Owing to the age-related decline in cognitive and physical functions, walking may be compromised in older adults, for ...