Functional Capacity and Difficulties in Activities of Daily Living From a Cross-National Perspective
Kekäläinen, T., Luchetti, M., Sutin, A., & Terracciano, A. (2022). Functional Capacity and Difficulties in Activities of Daily Living From a Cross-National Perspective. Journal of Aging and Health, OnlineFirst. https://doi.org/10.1177/08982643221128929
Published inJournal of Aging and Health
© The Author(s) 2022
Objectives: This study investigated whether physical and cognitive functioning predicts developing difficulties in basic or instrumental activities of daily living (ADL/IADL), and whether country-level factors moderated the associations. Methods: 69,227 adults aged 50+ from 19 countries were followed for up to 14 years. Cox regression and meta-regression analyses were used. Results: Higher grip strength was associated with a 45% lower risk of developing ADL limitations and a 47% lower risk of IADL limitations. The corresponding values were 22% and 23% for peak flow, 20% and 23% for word recall, and 20% and 24% for temporal orientation. The associations were similar and statistically significant in most countries, but some associations were weaker in countries with lower GDP and lower service coverage. Discussion: Good physical and cognitive functional capacity protects from ADL and IADL limitations consistently across Western countries. The associations may be stronger in countries with more resources. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Additional information about fundingThis work was supported by the Fulbright Suomi -säätiö and National Institute on Aging (R01AG068093).
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Poranen-Clark, Taina (Jyväskylän yliopisto, 2018)We studied cross-sectional, longitudinal and temporal associations between executive function and life-space mobility in old age. We assessed the association between intellectual ability in early adulthood and physical ...
Exploring the Conceptual Framework and Measurement Model of Intrinsic Capacity Defined by the World Health Organization : A Scoping Review Koivunen, Kaisa; Schaap, L.A.; Hoogendijk, E.O.; Schoonmade, L.J.; Huisman, M.; van Schoor, N.M. (Elsevier BV, 2022)WHO has defined intrinsic capacity (IC) as the composite of all physical and mental capacities of an individual covering five subdomains: cognition, locomotion, sensory, vitality, and psychological. Despite this well ...
Mental, Physical and Social Functioning in Independently Living Senior House Residents and Community-Dwelling Older Adults Lahti, Anna-Maria; Mikkola, Tuija M.; Salonen, Minna; Wasenius, Niko; Sarvimäki, Anneli; Eriksson, Johan G.; von Bonsdorff, Mikaela B. (MDPI AG, 2021)Senior houses provide social interaction and support, potentially supporting older people’s physical and mental functioning. Few studies have investigated functioning of senior house residents. The aim was to compare ...
Functioning and quality of life as perspectives of health in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis in early adulthood : measurement and long-term outcome Arkela-Kautiainen, Marja (University of Jyväskylä, 2006)First aim of this study entity was to evaluate the results of treatment and rehabilitation in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The long-term health outcomes in the early adulthood were evaluated in the ...
Predictors of mortality in old age : contribution of self-rated health, physical functions, life satisfaction and social support on survival among older people Lyyra, Tiina-Mari (University of Jyväskylä, 2006)Length of life is perhaps the best single indicator of the health of a population. The purpose of the present series of studies was to explore the potential predictors of mortality in older people with special emphasis on ...