Parvovirus B19V Nonstructural Protein NS1 Induces Double-Stranded Deoxyribonucleic Acid Autoantibodies and End-Organ Damage in Nonautoimmune Mice
Puttaraksa, K., Pirttinen, H., Karvonen, K., Nykky, J., Naides, S. J., & Gilbert, L. (2019). Parvovirus B19V Nonstructural Protein NS1 Induces Double-Stranded Deoxyribonucleic Acid Autoantibodies and End-Organ Damage in Nonautoimmune Mice. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 219(9), 1418-1429. https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiy614
Published inJournal of Infectious Diseases
© The Author(s) 2018.
Background Viral infection is implicated in development of autoimmunity. Parvovirus B19 (B19V) nonstructural protein, NS1, a helicase, covalently modifies self double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (dsDNA) and induces apoptosis. This study tested whether resulting apoptotic bodies (ApoBods) containing virally modified dsDNA could induce autoimmunity in an animal model. Methods BALB/c mice were inoculated with (1) pristane-induced, (2) B19V NS1-induced, or (3) staurosporine-induced ApoBods. Serum was tested for dsDNA autoantibodies by Crithidia luciliae staining and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Brain, heart, liver, and kidney pathology was examined. Deposition of self-antigens in glomeruli was examined by staining with antibodies to dsDNA, histones H1 and H4, and TATA-binding protein. Results The B19V NS1-induced ApoBod inoculation induced dsDNA autoantibodies in a dose-dependent fashion. Histopathological features of immune-mediated organ damage were evident in pristane-induced and NS1-induced ApoBod groups; severity scores were higher in these groups than in staurosporine-treated groups. Tissue damage was dependent on NS1-induced ApoBod dose. Nucleosomal antigens were deposited in target tissue from pristane-induced and NS1-induced ApoBod inoculated groups, but not in the staurosporine-induced ApoBod inoculated group. Conclusions This study demonstrated proof of principle in an animal model that virally modified dsDNA in apoptotic bodies could break tolerance to self dsDNA and induce dsDNA autoantibodies and end-organ damage. ...
PublisherOxford University Press
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