Gradual Changes to Discipline : A Case Study of Punishment Records and Corporal Punishment in Three Schools in Finland After the 1872 School Order Act
Puranen, K., & Roitto, M. (2018). Gradual Changes to Discipline : A Case Study of Punishment Records and Corporal Punishment in Three Schools in Finland After the 1872 School Order Act. Nordic Journal of Educational History, 5(2), 67-92. https://doi.org/10.36368/njedh.v5i2.118
Published inNordic Journal of Educational History
© Karoliina Puranen and Matti Roitto, 2018.
Punishment and violence in the history of education have been covered in numerous schol- arly works, but most of them have relied heavily on what might be considered normative sources such as regulations, legislation, other studies in the history of education, various instructions, manuals, and guidebooks. The history of education in Finland, as elsewhere, would have us believe that punishment practices in general changed drastically, and that corporal punishment in particular had been dropped by the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as proscribed in secondary schools by the School Order Act of 1872. We argue, however, that this was not always the case, especially when certain empirical sources that have often been overlooked—such as school punishment records—are taken into account. We use these sources to explore whether punishments in general, and corporal in particular, continued to be administered all the same after 1872. Our hypothesis is that the “cultural shift” regarding this issue was more gradual and complex than previously assumed. The administering of punishments, corporal or otherwise, clearly continued after the legislation had changed, regardless of whether contemporary educationalists were recommending other means of managing pupil behaviour. For instance, it remained culturally acceptable, at least for secondary schools, to “chastise” pupils (to send them home for corporal punishment). Our findings add to the existing knowledge on punishment practices and provide valid grounds for re-evaluating research on the matter. ...
PublisherDepartment of Historical, Philosophical, and Religious Studies, Umeå universitet
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Moninainen, moniarvoinen, arvoton : määritelmiä koulukurille ja -kuritukselle 1890-luvulta yleiseen oppivelvollisuuteen Tähtinen, Jaana (2015)Kansakoulun ideologisella taustalla oli ajatus siitä, että sen oli tarjottava jokaiselle lapselle säätyyn tai sukupuoleen katsomatta samanlainen pohjakoulutus. Aikanaan kansakoululaitos nähtiin radikaalina uudistuksena ja ...
Saloviita, Timo (Open Access Publishing Group, 2017)Although detention is one of the most popular methods of punishment in schools, it is being met with increasing criticism as an educational intervention. Few studies have explored its use to date; therefore, the present ...
Piippo, Sisko; Notko, Marianne; Husso, Marita; Carter, Anand Janet (SAGE Publications, 2021)Violence against women (VAW) is a global social problem. In India, its high prevalence is connected to gender inequality, whereas Finland suffers from the so-called Nordic Paradox—that is, the existence of both gender ...
Puranen, Karoliina (2015)Tämä tutkielma käsittelee sukupuolen rakentumista oppikoulujen koulukurissa 1800–1900- lukujen vaihteessa. Lähdeaineistona on käytetty Tampereen suomalaisen tyttökoulun, Kuopion suomalaisen yhteiskoulun ja Jyväskylän ...
Husso, Marita; Karkulehto, Sanna; Saresma, Tuija; Eilola, Jari; Siltala, Heli; Laitila, Aarno (Palgrave Macmillan, 2021)The first chapter presents the book’s point of departure as well as its central concepts and structure. It outlines the current understandings of and theoretical approaches to the intersections of violence, gender and ...