Fifteen operationally important decisions in the planning of biodiversity offsets
Moilanen, A., & Kotiaho, J. S. (2018). Fifteen operationally important decisions in the planning of biodiversity offsets. Biological Conservation, 227, 112-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2018.09.002
Published inBiological Conservation
© 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd
Many development projects, whether they are about construction of factories, mines, roads, railways, new suburbs, shopping malls, or even individual houses, have negative environmental consequences. Biodiversity offsetting is about compensating that damage, typically via habitat restoration, land management, or by establishment of new protected areas. Offsets are the fourth step of the so-called mitigation hierarchy, in which ecological damage is first avoided, minimized second, and third restored locally. Whatever residual damage remains is then offset. Offsetting has been increasingly adopted all around the world, but simultaneously serious concerns are expressed about the validity of the approach. Failure of offsetting can follow from either inappropriate definition of the size and kind of offset, or, from failure in implementation. Here we address planning of offsets, and identify fundamental operational design decisions that define the intended outcome of an offsetting project, and organize these decisions around objectives, offset actions, and the three fundamental ecological axes of ecological reality: space, time and biodiversity. We also describe how the offset ratio of a project (size of offset areas compared to impact area) can be constructed based on several partial multipliers that arise from factors such as degree of compensation required relative to no net loss, partial and delayed nature of restoration or avoided loss gains, time discounting, additionality, leakage, uncertainty, and factors associated with biodiversity measurement and offset implementation. Several of these factors are partially subjective and thus negotiable. The overall purpose of this effort is to allow systematic, well informed and transparent discussion about these critical decisions in any offset project. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Moilanen, Atte; Kotiaho, Janne S. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2021)Biodiversity offsetting is the practice of using conservation actions such as habitat restoration, management or protection to compensate for ecological losses caused by development activity, including construction projects. ...
Precision, Applicability, and Economic Implications : A Comparison of Alternative Biodiversity Offset Indexes Kangas, Johanna; Kullberg, Peter; Pekkonen, Minna; Kotiaho, Janne S.; Ollikainen, Markku (Springer Science+Business Media, 2021)The rates of ecosystem degradation and biodiversity loss are alarming and current conservation efforts are not sufficient to stop them. The need for new tools is urgent. One approach is biodiversity offsetting: a developer ...
Environmental mitigation hierarchy and biodiversity offsets revisited through habitat connectivity modelling Bergès, Laurent; Avon, Catherine; Bezombes, Lucie; Clauzel, Céline; Duflot, Rémi; Foltête, Jean-Christophe; Gaucherand, Stéphanie; Girardet, Xavier; Spiegelberger, Thoma (Elsevier, 2020)Biodiversity loss is accelerating because of unceasing human activity and land clearing for development projects (urbanisation, transport infrastructure, mining and quarrying …). Environmental policy-makers and managers ...
Koski, Alisa (2021)Virtavesiympäristöjen biodiversiteetti heikkenee mm. jokien patoamisen takia. Ekologinen kompensaatio on biodiversiteetin palauttamisen tapa, jossa yhdellä alueella tapahtunut ympäristön tuhoutuminen kompensoidaan uudella ...
Vainio, Veera (2021)Ihmisen toiminta on ajanut luontoa ahtaalle jo pitkään. Luonnon monimuotoisuuden hupeneminen ja ekosysteemien heikkeneminen ovatkin ilmastonmuutoksen ohella suurimpia globaaleja haasteita, joiden ratkaiseminen edellyttää ...