Basal Endogenous Steroid Hormones, Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin, Physical Fitness, and Health Risk Factors in Young Adult Men
Gagnon, S. S., Nindl, B. C., Vaara, J., Santtila, M., Häkkinen, K., & Kyröläinen, H. (2018). Basal Endogenous Steroid Hormones, Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin, Physical Fitness, and Health Risk Factors in Young Adult Men. Frontiers in Physiology, 9, 1005. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.01005
Published inFrontiers in Physiology
DisciplineLiikuntafysiologiaValmennus- ja testausoppiExercise PhysiologyScience of Sport Coaching and Fitness Testing
© 2018 Gagnon, Nindl, Vaara, Santtila, Häkkinen and Kyröläinen.
Purpose: Few large-scale population-based studies have adequately examined the relationships between steroid hormones, health status and physical fitness. The purpose of the study was to describe the relationship of serum basal endogenous steroid hormones (testosterone, TES; empirical free testosterone, EFT; cortisol, COR) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) to body composition, cardiovascular risk factors, and physical fitness in young healthy men. Methods: Male reservists (25 ± 4 years, N = 846) participated in the study. Basal TES, EFT, COR, and SHBG were measured in morning fasted blood. Stepwise regression analyses were used to examine associations between individual hormones to four separate categories: (1) body composition; (2) cardiovascular risk factors; (3) relative, and (4) absolute physical fitness. Results: Higher TES, EFT, and SHBG were associated with lower waist circumference (TES: β = −0.239, p < 0.001; EFT: β = −0.385, p < 0.001), % body fat (TES: β = −0.163, p = 0.003), and body mass index (SHBG: β = −0.435, p < 0.001). Lower cardiovascular risk factors were associated with higher TES, EFT and SHBG concentrations, especially between SHBG and triglycerides (β = −0.277, p < 0.001) and HDL (β = 0.154, p < 0.001). Greater maximal relative aerobic capacity was concurrent with higher TES, EFT, and SHBG (β = 0.171, 0.113, 0.263, p < 0.001, =0.005, <0.001, respectively). Conclusion: Higher basal concentrations of TES, EFT, and SHBG were weakly associated with healthier body composition, fewer cardiovascular risk factors and greater relative aerobic capacity in healthy young men. It would be interesting to investigate whether these relationships are still evident after a few decades, and how different training modes (endurance, strength or their combination) positively affect physical fitness, body composition and their regulatory mechanisms over the decades. ...
PublisherFrontiers Research Foundation
ISSN Search the Publication Forum1664-042X
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
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