If you drink, don't smoke : Joint associations between risky health behaviors and labor market outcomes
Böckerman, P., Hyytinen, A., Kaprio, J., & Maczulskij, T. (2018). If you drink, don't smoke : Joint associations between risky health behaviors and labor market outcomes. Social Science and Medicine, 207, 55-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.04.039
Published inSocial Science and Medicine
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd.
This paper examines the links between risky health behaviors and labor market success. We provide new evidence on the joint relationships between the most prominent forms of risky health behavior − alcohol consumption, smoking and physical inactivity − and long-term labor market outcomes. We use twin data for Finnish men and women linked to register-based individual information on earnings and labor market attachment. The twin data allow us to account for shared family and environmental factors and to measure risky health behaviors in 1975 and 1981. The long-term labor market outcomes were measured in adulthood as an average over the period 1990–2009. The sample sizes are 2156 and 2498 twins, for men and women, respectively. We find that being both a smoker and a heavy drinker in early adulthood is negatively related to long-term earnings and employment later in life, especially for men. We conclude that how and why risky health behaviors cluster and how that affects individual level outcomes call for more attention. ...
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- Kauppakorkeakoulu 
Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Strategic research programmes, AoF
Additional information about fundingThis research has been supported by the Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation. All the data work of this paper was carried out at Statistics Finland, following its terms and conditions of confidentiality. Jaakko Kaprio is supported by the Academy of Finland (grants 265240, 263278) and the Sigrid Juselius Foundation. Petri Böckerman and Terhi Maczulskij acknowledge financial support from the Academy of Finland Strategic Research Council project Work, Inequality and Public Policy (number 293120). ...
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