Is It Good To Be Good? Dispositional Compassion and Health Behaviors
Gluschkoff, K., Pulkki-Råback, L., Elovainio, M., Saarinen, A., Tammelin, T., Hirvensalo, M., . . . Hintsanen, M. (2019). Is It Good To Be Good? Dispositional Compassion and Health Behaviors. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 53 (7), 665-673. doi:10.1093/abm/kay075
Published inAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
© 2018 Oxford University Press
Background Despite the documented importance of dispositional compassions for a range of health-related outcomes, its role in predicting health behaviors remains unclear. Purpose This study examined the associations between dispositional compassion and three domains of health behavior, including physical activity, alcohol use, and smoking. Methods The participants (N = 1,279–1,913) were from the Finnish population-based Young Finns study. We collected self-reports of compassion in 1997 and 2011 and health behaviors in 2001, 2007, and 2011. In addition, an objective pedometer measure of physical activity was collected in 2011. Linear and logistic regression models were fitted to estimate the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between compassion and the health behavior outcomes. Results In a cross-sectional analysis, compassion was associated with having never smoked and a reduced likelihood of at-risk alcohol use and binge drinking. There was no robust association between compassion and physical activity. In longitudinal analyses over a 14-year period, the associations remained for at-risk alcohol use and binge drinking. Conclusions Dispositional compassion may have a protective effect against unhealthy behaviors, especially excessive alcohol consumption. ...
PublisherOxford Academic; Society of Behavioral Medicine
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