Applications of DNA self-assembled structures in nanoelectronics and plasmonics
In this thesis, the potential applications of DNA self-assembled structures were explored in both nanoelectronics and plasmonics. The works can be divided into two parts: electrical characterization of unmodiﬁed multilayered DNA origami and DNA-gold-nanoparticle conjugates after they were trapped between gold nanoelectrodes by dielectrophoresis, and the development of a novel fabrication method using DNA origami as a template for smooth, high resolution metallic nanostructures as well as optical characterization of them. One of the biggest challenges in self-assembled nanoelectronic devices is to connect them to macroscopic circuits. Dielectrophoretic (DEP) trapping has been used extensively in manipulation of micro- and nanoscale objects in solution. We have demonstrated this technique by trapping four structurally distinct multilayered DNA origami between gold nanoelectrodes by DEP and electrically characterized some of the trapped structures at high relative humidity. Most of the samples showed insulating behavior in both DC I-V measurement and AC impedance spectroscopy. In the other experiment, an assembly of three gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) conjugated with a triple-cross-over-tile (TX-tile) structure were designed, synthesized, and trapped by DEP. At the beginning no current was observed, but after a few chemical gold growth steps, Coulomb blockade behavior was observed from the liquid helium temperature up to the room temperature. Although no gated measurement was carried out, the random switching at low temperature measurements highly resembled a similar behavior of single electron transistor (SET). The second half of this thesis is focused on the development of a DNA-assisted lithography (DALI) method, in which DNA origami was used to mask the growth of SiO2 on Si chips in order to generate a stencil mask with openings of the DNA origami shape. Then the stencil was used in conventional microfabrication processes to deposit metallic nanostructures with almost the same shape as DNA origami on different substrates. Three different DNA origami were used to fabricate metallic structures with various optical properties on sapphire substrates. The localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) of Seeman tile and a bowtie antenna was characterized by a dark-ﬁeld microscope. The surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of two different marker molecules on gold bowtie antennas was characterized too. Finally, the chiral double-L samples landed on a surface with different orientation combinations showed distinct circular dichroism (CD) spectra. In addition, a method to deposit DNA origami on unmodiﬁed surface with large area by spray coating technique was reported. ...
PublisherUniversity of Jyväskylä
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