Atlas for the properties of elemental two-dimensional metals
Nevalaita, J., & Koskinen, P. (2018). Atlas for the properties of elemental two-dimensional metals. Physical Review B, 97 (3), 035411. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.035411
Published inPhysical Review B
© 2018 American Physical Society. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Common two-dimensional (2D) materials have a layered three-dimensional (3D) structure with covalently bonded, atomically thin layers held together by weak van der Waals forces. However, in a recent transmission electron microscopy experiment, atomically thin 2D patches of iron were discovered inside a graphene nanopore. Motivated by this discovery, we perform a systematic density-functional study on atomically thin elemental 2D metal films, using 45 metals in three lattice structures. Cohesive energies, equilibrium distances, and bulk moduli in 2D are found to be linearly correlated to the corresponding 3D bulk properties, enabling the quick estimation of these values for a given 2D metal and lattice structure. In-plane elastic constants show that most 2D metals are stable in hexagonal and honeycomb, but unstable in square 2D structures. Many 2D metals are surprisingly stable against bending.