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dc.contributor.authorHaapala, Eero
dc.contributor.authorEloranta, Aino-Maija
dc.contributor.authorVenäläinen, Taisa
dc.contributor.authorJalkanen, Henna
dc.contributor.authorPoikkeus, Anna-Maija
dc.contributor.authorAhonen, Timo
dc.contributor.authorLindi, Virpi
dc.contributor.authorLakka, Timo A.
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-03T11:55:28Z
dc.date.available2017-10-03T11:55:28Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationHaapala, E., Eloranta, A.-M., Venäläinen, T., Jalkanen, H., Poikkeus, A.-M., Ahonen, T., Lindi, V., & Lakka, T. A. (2017). Diet quality and academic achievement : A prospective study among primary school children. <i>European Journal of Nutrition</i>, <i>56</i>(7), 2299-2308. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-016-1270-5" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-016-1270-5</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_26182942
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_71007
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/55515
dc.description.abstractPurpose Poor diet quality may impair academic achievement in children, but such evidence is limited. Therefore, we investigated the associations of healthy diet in Grade 1 assessed by Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS), Baltic Sea Diet Score (BSDS), and Finnish Children Healthy Eating Index (FCHEI) with academic achievement in Grades 1–3 in children. Methods The participants were 161 Finnish children who were 6–8 years old in Grade 1 and attended in a large ongoing physical activity and dietary intervention study. Dietary factors were assessed using 4-day food records, and MDS, BSDS, and FCHEI were calculated. Academic achievement was assessed by reading fluency, reading comprehension, and arithmetic skill tests. The data were analyzed using linear regression analysis and analysis of covariance adjusted for age, sex, parental education, household income, body fat percentage, physical activity, the PANIC Study group, and total energy intake. Results MDS was positively associated with reading comprehension in Grade 3 (standardized regression coefficient β = 0.167, P = 0.032). BSDS was positively associated with reading fluency in Grades 2–3 and reading comprehension in Grades 1–3 (β = 0.161–0.274, P < 0.05). FCHEI was positively related to reading fluency in Grades 1–2 and reading comprehension in Grades 1–3 (β = 0.190–0.344, P < 0.05). Children in the highest third of BSDS and FCHEI had better reading fluency and reading comprehension in Grades 1–3 than children in the lowest third (P < 0.05). None of the diet scores was associated with arithmetic skills. Conclusions Healthier diet assessed by BSDS or FCHEI in Grade 1 was associated with better reading skills, but not with arithmetic skills, among children in Grades 1–3. Long-term intervention studies are needed to investigate the effects of improvements in diet quality on academic achievement among children.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSpringer
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEuropean Journal of Nutrition
dc.subject.otherlapset
dc.subject.otherdiet quality
dc.subject.otherdiet
dc.subject.otherchildren
dc.subject.otheracademic achievement
dc.titleDiet quality and academic achievement : A prospective study among primary school children
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201709263816
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosOpettajankoulutuslaitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosPsykologian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Teacher Educationen
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Psychologyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineEsi- ja alkuopetusfi
dc.contributor.oppiainePsykologiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineLiikuntalääketiedefi
dc.contributor.oppiainePre- and Early Childhood Educationen
dc.contributor.oppiainePsychologyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineSports and Exercise Medicineen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2017-09-26T06:15:04Z
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange2299-2308
dc.relation.issn1436-6207
dc.relation.numberinseries7
dc.relation.volume56
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Springer. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoruokavaliot
dc.subject.ysoaivot
dc.subject.ysooppiminen
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3790
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p7040
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2945
dc.relation.doi10.1007/s00394-016-1270-5


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