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dc.contributor.authorSavolainen, Jukka
dc.contributor.authorMason, W. Alex
dc.contributor.authorLyyra, Anna-Liisa
dc.contributor.authorPulkkinen, Lea
dc.contributor.authorKokko, Katja
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-07T07:31:20Z
dc.date.available2017-08-07T07:31:20Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationSavolainen, J., Mason, W. A., Lyyra, A.-L., Pulkkinen, L., & Kokko, K. (2017). Antisocial and Human Capital Pathways to Socioeconomic Exclusion: A 42-Year Prospective Study. Developmental Psychology, 53 (8), 1597-1609. doi:10.1037/dev0000344
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_27064256
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_74128
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/54995
dc.description.abstractNordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment. Using data from Finland, this research examined a life course model linking childhood differences in cognitive skills and antisocial propensity to midlife socioeconomic exclusion. The Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development (n = 369) follows individuals from age 8 (b. 1959) through age 50. Evidence from a structural equation model found support for key theoretical predictions: (1) human capital and antisocial pathways contributed independently to socioeconomic exclusion; (2) the effect of childhood psychological factors on midlife socioeconomic exclusion was mediated by adolescent and adult life course outcomes; and (3) the human capital and antisocial domains intersected such that antisocial children struggled in school as adolescents, which contributed to their persistence in crime and deviance in adulthood – a behavioral pattern that directly increased the risk of socioeconomic exclusion in midlife. In short, the findings suggest that early emerging differences in cognitive ability and antisociality set in motion a process of negative life outcomes with enduring consequences for socioeconomic well-being. The results are discussed from the perspective of socio-historical context and public policy.
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Association
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDevelopmental Psychology
dc.subject.othersosioekonominen asema
dc.subject.otherhuono-osaisuus
dc.subject.othersyrjäytyminen
dc.subject.otherelämänkaari
dc.subject.otherpoikkeava käyttäytyminen
dc.subject.othersosiaalinen pääoma
dc.subject.otherpitkittäistutkimus
dc.subject.othersocioeconomic status
dc.subject.otherunderprivileged social position
dc.subject.othersocial exclusion
dc.subject.othercourse of life
dc.subject.otherdeviant behaviour
dc.subject.othersocial capital
dc.subject.otherlongitudinal research
dc.titleAntisocial and Human Capital Pathways to Socioeconomic Exclusion: A 42-Year Prospective Study
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201708043409
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosPsykologian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Psychologyen
dc.contributor.oppiainePsykologiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineGerontologia ja kansanterveysfi
dc.contributor.oppiainePsychologyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineGerontology and Public Healthen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2017-08-04T06:15:04Z
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange1597-1609
dc.relation.issn0012-1649
dc.relation.numberinseries8
dc.relation.volume53
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© American Psychological Association, 2017. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by APA. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysososioekonominen asema
dc.subject.ysohuono-osaisuus
dc.subject.ysosyrjäytyminen
dc.subject.ysoelämänkaari
dc.subject.ysopoikkeava käyttäytyminen
dc.subject.ysososiaalinen pääoma
dc.subject.ysopitkittäistutkimus
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2137
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p6220
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p8917
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3313
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2661
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p8998
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p14610
dc.relation.doi10.1037/dev0000344


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