Ionizing radiation from Chernobyl affects development of wild carrot plants
Boratynski, Z., Arias, J. M., Garcia, C., Mappes, T., Mousseau, T. A., Møller, A. P., . . . Tukalenko, E. (2016). Ionizing radiation from Chernobyl affects development of wild carrot plants. Scientific Reports, 6, 39282. doi:10.1038/srep39282
Published inScientific Reports
DisciplineEkologia ja evoluutiobiologia
© the Author(s) 2016. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Radioactivity released from disasters like Chernobyl and Fukushima is a global hazard and a threat to exposed biota. To minimize the deleterious effects of stressors organisms adopt various strategies. Plants, for example, may delay germination or stay dormant during stressful periods. However, an intense stress may halt germination or heavily affect various developmental stages and select for life history changes. Here, we test for the consequence of exposure to ionizing radiation on plant development. We conducted a common garden experiment in an uncontaminated greenhouse using 660 seeds originating from 33 wild carrots (Daucus carota) collected near the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. These maternal plants had been exposed to radiation levels that varied by three orders of magnitude. We found strong negative effects of elevated radiation on the timing and rates of seed germination. In addition, later stages of development and the timing of emergence of consecutive leaves were delayed by exposure to radiation. We hypothesize that low quality of resources stored in seeds, damaged DNA, or both, delayed development and halted germination of seeds from plants exposed to elevated levels of ionizing radiation. We propose that high levels of spatial heterogeneity in background radiation may hamper adaptive life history responses. ...