Effect of concurrent resistance and sprint training on body composition and cardiometabolic health indicators in masters cyclists
Delvecchio, L., Reaburn, P., Trapp, G., & Korhonen, M. (2016). Effect of concurrent resistance and sprint training on body composition and cardiometabolic health indicators in masters cyclists. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 12 (5), 442-450. doi:10.12965/jer.1632672.336
Published inJournal of Exercise Rehabilitation
DisciplineGerontologia ja kansanterveys
© 2016 Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License.
In older previously sedentary individuals endurance training imposes a more effective stimulus to enhance cardiometabolic health compared with resistance or sprint training. We examined the effect of replacing a portion of endurance training with combined resistance and/or sprint training and how this influences cardiometabolic health indicators in masters endurance cyclists. Twenty-seven well-trained male road cyclists (53.7± 8.2 years) were allocated to a resistance and track sprintcycling training group (RTC, n= 10), an endurance and track sprint-cycling group (ETC, n = 7) or a control endurance group (CTRL, n = 10). Both the RTC and ETC groups completed a 12-week intervention of specific training while the CTRL group maintained their endurance training load. Lower limb lean mass (LLM), trunk fat mass (TFM), fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured before and after the intervention period. TFM decreased for all groups (P< 0.05) while LLM significantly increased for RTC and ETC groups (P< 0.05). No significant between group or time effects were observed for FBG, TC, TG, SBP, or DBP. The results suggest that replacing a portion of endurance training with 12 weeks of ETC or RTC training favourably affects body composition by lowering TFM and increasing LLM without negatively affecting cardiometabolic health indicators in welltrained masters endurance cyclists. ...
PublisherKorean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation
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